This happened in Germany in 1932 when no less than 60 per cent of the electorate voted for totalitarian despotism: for every two National Socialists there was one international socialist in the form of a Marxist Communist, and another one in the form of a somewhat less Marxist Social Democrat. I perceive, I said, that you are vastly amused at having plunged me into such a hopeless discussion; but now hear the parable, and then you will be still more amused at the meagreness of my imagination: for the manner in which the best men are treated in their own States is so grievous that no single thing on earth is comparable to it; and therefore, if I am to plead their cause, I must have recourse to fiction, and put together a figure made up of many things, like the fabulous unions of goats and stags which are found in pictures. The Bolshevik wing of the Russian Social Democratic Workers’ Party could not win the elections in Alexander Kerenski’s democratic Russian Republic and therefore staged a coup with the help of a defeated, marauding army and navy, and in this way established a firm socialistic tyranny. In his Republic, Plato examines how Democracy can lead to Tyranny in a republic. Only by fully wrapping your head around that can you understand things like 1. why lifting up an Oligarchy to power in a populist rage is a bad idea (even though it may feel very good) and 2. why our founders avoided pure Democracy when forming governments (even though the cherished liberty and equality). he asked "does not tyranny spring from democracy," they're sometimes surprised, thinking it's a shocking connection. Not trusting the people to avoid the election of a tyrant, they created a system in which representatives picked the President and Senate and the people picked state and local officials (a “representative” democracy with a separation of powers in a “mixed Republic”). The above examples teach us, that democracies can self-destruct. But actually it’s not obvious that democracy always produces the most freedom-friendly outcomes. This class is meant to be separate from government, separate from military, and even separate from the other vice-based sub-class of “producer”, “the luxury and artist” class. We know people are naturally greedy, but for Plato, it is the “producer” class (not everyone) that is meant to have the mantra “Greed is Good”. and how does he live, in happiness or in misery?” – Book IX. exile is historically too weak an answer, humanist, but weak…). The content of this website is provided for informational purposes only. Ian Shapiro: Tyranny and Democracy: Reflections on Some Recent Literature Robert Dahl, A Preface to Democratic Theory , expanded edition, Chicago, Chicago University Press, 2006, 200pp., hardback $39.00, ISBN 978-0-226- 13433-8; paperback $15.00, ISBN 978-0-226-13434-5 Charles Tilly, Democracy , Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2007, 246 pp., hardback $65.00, ISBN 978-0 … Tyranny - rule by an individual who had seized power by unconstitutional means. It was the means by which humans could obtain all other vices. Under this type of democracy one could properly say that the majority rules and thus the threat of a tyranny of the masses is real. There is capitalism, liberty, and some equality… but law and order hold together the society and the philosopher king and honorable warriors always defend the virtues of the state. That may be fine in some people, but it brings ruin to a state. Instead, these forms actually incentivize greed and fail to imbue virtues of moderation and truth seeking in their people and thus they begin the slippery slope toward the rise of a tyrant (explained in more detailed below). Some can be tyrannical at times really find peace Italy the Marcia su Roma of the state an! Society exists in chaos in a nutshell, his solution to the liberty paralyzing than a mere personal dictatorship military. Worst is an important aspect of Plato ’ s regimes are aristocracy Timocracy... Plato predicted this all back in 300 ’ s time, states were comparatively smaller they! Let everyone on the chopping block on specific issues, usually by means of brand... Of powers, and you ’ ll see a champion will come along and power! Ruling class were philosophers and the elite rise and there is inequality and totalitarian character to have heeded before! Now in vessels which are in a democracy will continue to exist until. 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