While the intensity is important, of equal or greater importance is the presence of a population whose demographic or socioeconomic characteristics may place its members at greater risk of harm before, during, and after a disaster. Although the sources of vulnerability are multiple and quite diverse, some of the most important factors that affect vulnerability include population growth and distribution and social diversity. water. Factors affecting Vulnerabilities, differential impacts, impact of Development projects such as dams, embankments, changes in Land-use etc.- Climate Change Adaptation- IPCC Scenario and Scenarios in the context of India – Relevance of indigenous knowledge, appropriate technology and … 3. Using the examples of several varied real-world disasters, critically analyse the concept of differential human vulnerability. Moreover, disasters can cut off access to medical care, even for non-disaster-related illnesses. Disasters especially tough on people with disabilities, mental disorders - Disaster response teams should adjust for needs of victims in each disaster. Commonly issued in English, disaster warnings may be misunderstood or not understood at all by Spanish-speaking individuals.6 Other culturally driven perceptions among migrant workers may also contribute to exacerbating vulnerability and inhibiting the appropriate response, especially when going to an evacuation shelter may result in deportation.7 Moreover, the Latino population in the United States has lower levels of income and higher levels of poverty than the population at large, making it more difficult for Latinos to prepare for, respond to, and recover from disasters.8, Although culture is important, poverty is a primary factor that affects how individuals perceive risk and how well they understand and respond to warnings.9 Widespread poverty has played a critical role in increasing population vulnerability to many recent disasters, including Hurricane Katrina, the Indian Ocean tsunami, and the 2009 Haitian earthquake.10 Hurricane Katrina is a primary example of how the adverse effects of disasters disproportionately affect the poor and people of color.11, Women also confront unique challenges when facing disasters. 26 percent (one in 4) of adults in the United States have some type of disability. Persons living with a disability represent 15% of the world’s population. Climate change . Disability inclusion and disaster risk reduction: overcoming barriers to progress, Nepal’s cash allowances for children with disabilities, How next week’s Global Disability Summit can deliver for adolescents, Disability Summit 2018: how to ensure people with disabilities are not left behind. An Introduction to Women and Disaster,” in, Brenda Phillips and Maureen Fordham, “Introduction,” in. Shock as a medical condition is life threating. Consequently, policies aimed at addressing risk and vulnerability must also take into account these differential impacts and outcomes of disasters. In the wake of a disaster, gender relations and issues are generally considered to be irrelevant or as … This problem is particularly evident among single mothers, whose poverty rates exceed that of single or married women, and who must not only protect themselves but must also safeguard the lives of their children when threats emerge. Waiyaki Way Cassia House, Ground Floor People who are affected by disasters and are vulnerable along one dimension often are vulnerable along others as well (for example, age, gender, disability status, level of disaster exposure). 1.9.7 Impacts in terms of disability. Havidán Rodríguez, Rogelio Sáenz, and Cecilia Menjívar, eds., Alice Fothergill, and Lori Peek, “Poverty and Disasters in the United States: A Review of Recent Sociological Findings,”, Ben Wisner and Peter Walker, “Katrina and Goliath,” Humanitarian Practice Network, accessed at, Havidán Rodríguez and Carla Russell, “Understanding Disasters: Vulnerability, Sustainable Development, and Resiliency,” in, Elaine Enarson and Betty H. Morrow, “Why Gender? Washington, DC 20009 Economic standing of people plays a clear role in case of disasters. Disasters have a disproportionate impact on people with disabilities, who are at higher risk of death, injury and loss of property. As hurricane season gets into full swing, mental health teams will be ready to respond and help survivors cope with possible devastation. Abu Muhammad Sufiyan 1979- University of Louisville Follow this and additional works at: https://ir.library.louisville.edu/etd Part of the Public Affairs Commons, and the Urban Studies Commons Recommended Citation Natural and human-induced disasters tend to have a disproportionate impact on people with disabilities. The “vulnerability” perspective in disasters, which is rapidly emerging as a dominant view in the field, assumes that a real disaster occurs when it strikes an underprivileged population. While the timing and the actual disaster event are difficult to predict, there are several consequences of disasters that are predictable and thus we can be prepared to deal with these consequences. Although the rights and needs of people with disabilities in disasters are increasingly being addressed through policies, standards and guidelines, much more needs to be done to remove the barriers to their inclusion in disaster risk reduction (DRR) and response. The term, 'differential impacts' refers to the discriminatory impacts experienced by different individuals, groups or communities when faced with an event with damaging consequences. Second, disasters can cause mental health problems. Discuss differential impacts of disasters in terms of class, gender, location and disability. The percentage of people living with disabilities is highest in the South. In general, people with less power along a variety of dimensions tend to be more vulnerable and may fare more poorly in and after disasters. Phone: +254 735 084293 Low-income and vulnerable populations that suffer most in natural disasters are females, children, elderly, disabled, and ethnic minorities This dissertation explores the association between natural disaster and poverty conditions among socially disadvantaged subgroups within the social, economic, and political contexts of the disaster affected regions in the Gulf Coast States. These and other questions should become a central focus for scholars and emergency planning. DISASTER AND POVERTY: THE DIFFERENTIAL IMPACTS OF DISASTER ON THE POOR IN THE GULF COAST REGION Dissertation Committee: Abu M. Sufiyan Melissa K. Merry, PhD Hank V. Savitch, PhD John Hans I. Gilderbloom, PhD Cynthia Negrey, PhD David M. Simpson, PhD Differential impacts- in terms of caste, class, gender, age, location, disability . All Rights Reserved. Differential impacts of disaster 28. Discuss in details the impacts of development projects on the socio-economic and ecological settings giving reference to multi- purpose river valley projects. William Donner and Havidán Rodríguez, “Population Composition, Migration, and Inequality: The Influence of Demographic Changes on Disaster Risk and Vulnerability,”, Havidán Rodríguez et al., “A Snapshot of the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami: Societal Impacts and Consequences,”, Benigno Aguirre, “The Lack of Warnings Before the Saragosa Tornado,”, Elaine Enarson and Betty H. Morrow, “A Gendered Perspective: The Voices of Women,” in. 13 1.9 Differential impacts . This briefing note identifies five key challenges that need to be addressed in order to promote disability inclusion in DRR and humanitarian action, relating to evidence and data, contextual understanding, institutions and programmes, representation and discrimination. Congestion, limited escape routes, dense infrastructure, and poverty add to the vulnerability. Moreover, it is estimated that individuals ages 65 and older represented over 70 percent of the fatalities from Hurricane Katrina. Quijia Zou et al., “Prediction Research on the Economic Losses and Population Casualties of Earthquake Disasters,” unpublished manuscript (Beijing: Institute of Geophysics, State Seismological Bureau, 1992). At the individual level, the impact can often be felt physically, mentally and emotionally. Global trends in disasters . Population growth and distribution, especially increased population density and urbanization, increases vulnerability to disasters.2 Nearly 80 percent of the U.S. population resides in urban areas, resulting in  increasing population concentration in coastal communities and flood-prone areas. During the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, women and children were more likely to suffer injuries and fatalities than men and boys were. Population Reference Bureau The social and economic characteristics of a group may limit its members’ abilities to protect themselves from harm, but the culture of social groups also plays an important role. Phone: 800-877-9881 For example after the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011, it was observed that younger women had a harder time to find jobs as a … Shock alters the blood pressure, changes mental alertness, respiratory functions and alertness. Disaster and poverty : the differential impacts of disaster on the poor in the Gulf Coast region. This can have long-term implications for well-being, future human capital accumulation, and economic development. Women’s vulnerability to disasters is also shaped by traditional gender roles, power and privilege, low wages, and secondary responsibilities such as child care.12, Other factors that affect vulnerability include age and disability. DISASTER AND POVERTY: THE DIFFERENTIAL IMPACTS OF DISASTER ON THE POOR IN THE GULF COAST REGION Disability advocates and disabled people’s organisations can also play a significant role in disaster policy, planning and interventions, but formal disaster agencies tend to have limited interaction or collaboration with them. Natural disasters cause destruction of property, loss of financial resources, and personal injury or illness. Five of our experts offer their recommendations to leaders and policy-makers gathering in London for the first-ever Global Disability Summit. Factors affecting Vulnerabilities, differential impacts, impact of Development projects such as dams, embankments, changes in Land-use etc.- Climate Change Adaptation- IPCC Scenario and Scenarios in the context of India – Relevance of indigenous knowledge, appropriate technology and local resources. Disasters have a disproportionate impact on people with disabilities, who are at higher risk of death, injury and loss of property. While the affluent can effectively respond to a disaster on their own, the economically weaker sections depend on the government for their evacuation, resettlement and rehabilitation. On the other hand, a relatively weak tornado can pose significant risks to human life and can result in great economic losses in densely populated areas. Factors affecting Vulnerabilities, differential impacts, impact of Development projects such as dams, embankments, changes in Land-use etc.- Climate Change Adaptation- IPCC Scenario and Scenarios in the context of India – Relevance of indigenous knowledge, appropriate technology and … This issue is recognised and addressed by Article 11 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities which states: "States Parties shall take, in accordance with their obligations under international law, including international humanitarian law and international human rights law, all … How can we expand and strengthen our research initiatives to enhance our understanding of differential vulnerability and to develop more effective policies to protect diverse population groups from disasters, while recognizing the unique risks and vulnerabilities that underrepresented groups confront? Mortality remains one of the major outcomes related to natural disasters, and a recent study on which types of disasters are the deadliest has yielded interesting results. Nairobi, Kenya With Stanley Smith, director of the Bureau of Economic and Business Research, U of Florida. Although the rights and needs of people with disabilities in disasters are increasingly being addressed through policies, standards and guidelines, much more needs to be done to remove the barriers to their inclusion in disaster risk reduction (DRR) and response. Not only are disasters themselves stressful and frightening, but children can suffer psychological harm from the damage to their What makes humanitarian and development projects socially acceptable? Using a different set of data to separate only those killed provides another striking indicator of the impact of disasters in recent years. • Shock– The initial shock of the event, whether flood, fire, hurricane, tornado or bomb is mental shock. 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