He rendered valuable help to Babur in the campaign against the Afghans in Bihar. This enabled him to familiarize with the strength and weaknesses of the Mughal army. We observe that Akbar, during his long period of rule, followed the policies of Sher Shah Suri with success. Endowments and grants were given to educational institutions. Sher Shah was a pastmaster in adopting successful war tactics. Sher Shah launched a fierce attack. Privacy Policy3. The one chief Shiqdar or Shiqdar-i- Shiqdaran was a military officer. The revenue administration of Sher Shah has been regarded as one of the best during the medieval period. Sher Shah Suri was not only a courageous warrior, but also an able administrator. Madrasas were set up for higher education. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, (Theodore M. Davis Collection, Bequest of Theodore M. Davis, 1915), www.metmuseum.org. Following are some of the main instances of Sher Shah’s military strategy: (i) Sher Shah’s diplomatic surrender to Humayun at Chunar fort. 3. Trade tax was collected only at two places. Sher Shah attacked Raisin – a Rajput principality and besiegect it. Sher Shah was a secular ruler who practised tolerance and welfare. (ii) Sher Shah’s false pretence of withdrawing but sudden attack at Humayun in the battle of Kannauj. Born in A.D. 1472, in the family of a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar and named as Farid.He went to Jaunpur, which was in those days a seat of Islamic learning and acquired knowledge in both Arabic and Persian. The saraits were also used as Dak Chaukis. Dr. Ashirwadi Lal compares him with Alauddin Khilji who was superior to Sher Shah Suri in administration and military achievements but lacked in constructive policies. Land for the purpose of revenue was divided into three categories on the basis of production—good, average and bad. Sher Shah maintained a strong standing army at the centre like Ala-ud-Din Khalji. The intrigues of his mother compelled the young Farid Khan to leave Sasaram (Bihar), the jagir of his father. An ethnic Afghan ruler, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1540. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born FarÄ«d Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar. THE MAUSOLEUM OF SHER SHAH SURI Sher Shah Suri (ca. An ethnic Pashtun, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1538. Add your answer and earn points. The successes which he attained against the Mughals and the Rajputs indicate towards his ability and capability. He believed in the maxim “Everything is fair in love and war”. 4. TOS4. Further, mention about the main features of Ryotwari Settlement. In case the local officers of the village failed to trace the murderer, the headman was given the penalty of death. After the battle of Chausa he declared himself independent Sultan of Bengal and Bihar. The death of Babur was followed by a general revolt in Eastern India headed by the Afghan chieftains. Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and was one of the greatest administrators of medieval India. Provision was also made for scholarships on the basis of merit. The local people or the head (Mukhiya) of the village was responsible for the safety of the people of the area and the travellers. After he died in 1545, his son Islam Shah climbed the throne. (viii) Conquest of Kalinjar (1545) and death of Sher Shah. Some provinces were very large and others small. In the East India Company the same was introduced Thomas Munroe and Captain Reed. There was no uniformity with regard to their income, size and administration. (v) Tributes from the rajas, nawabs jagirdars, etc. In his studies, he so distinguished himself that the subedar of Jaunpur was greatly impressed. Once again Sher Shah established the Afghan Empire which had been taken over by Babur. In all there were 47 districts. Examine the main achievements of sher shah suri. Service in Babur’s army: Sher Shah Suri founded the Sur Empire in North India having its capital at Delhi. It has been stated by several historians that during the reign of Sher Shah, an old woman might place a basket of golden ornaments on her head and go on a journey without any fear. Sher Shah took the following measures to strengthen his army. According to Crooke, “He was the first Musalman ruler who studied the good of the people.” Sher Shah believed, “Tyranny is unlawful in everyone, especially in a sovereign who is the guardian of his public.”. Sher Shah Suri: Sher Shah is rated as one of the greatest rulers of India. He dealt very sternly with the zamindars who refused to pay land revenue and disobey the orders of the government. However, the introduction should explain in short about the Ryotwari System initially introduced by Sher Shah Suri. Sher Shah conquered and annexed these provinces into his empire. Shiqdar was the head of Sarkar and head of pargana administration. The criminal law was severe. Sher Shah brought Marwar under his control by forged letters and sowing dissensions in the army of Maldev, the ruler of Mewar. (iii) Sowing dissentions in Maldev’s army by forged letters. He introduced a new currency, a silver coin known as 'Rupia'. For the education of the Muslims, a Maktab was attached to every mosque for imparting elementary education and teaching Arabic and Persian. He did not depend on the Jagirdars for the supply of soldiers whenever needed by the Sultan. The Delhi Sultanate Islam Shah appointed Muhammad Khan Sur as the governor of Bengal. Historians have differed on the issue of Sher Shah’s provincial administration. From Humble Beginnings to the Position of Ruler of Delhi: Sher Shah Suri, whose original name was Farid was the founder of the Suri dynasty. This is supposed to be a neutral POV encyclopedia. [citation needed] Humayun had two major rivals for his lands: Sultan Bahadur of Gujarat to the southwest and Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) settled along the river Ganges in Bihar to the east. BA LLB I year, I semester Indian history sample question answer on Administration of Sher Shah Suri A detailed Summary:In this post you will read aboutADMINISTRATION OF SHER SHAH ,revenue administration of sher shah,explain the characteristics of sher shah administration,sher shah suri administration upsc,sher shah suri reforms pdf,sher shah suri administration history … Civil Administration. Welcome to HistoryDiscussion.net! While Qanungo has opined that there was no administrative unit called ‘Suba’ or ‘Iqta’, Dr. P. Saran states that there were ‘Subas’ where military officers were appointed by She Shah. 3. Sher Shah Suri continued his attacks on the Mughals and drove Humayun to the west. He knew fully well as where to make a tactical retreat, when to strike at the enemy, how to sow dissensions in the army camp, how to make friendship with the enemy of the enemy, how to pretend to retreat. Sher Shah’s efficient administrative system largely depended upon his well-organised espionage system. TOS4. The Mausoleum of Sher Shah built in the midst of a lake on a lofty plinth, ranks among the most beautiful buildings in India. 4. The sarkars were divided into Parganas. On the other hand, the province of Bengal was administered by a civilian. Sher shah was impressed by the Rajput valour, Sher Shah won a victory though at great cost with the loss several thousand Afghan; on the battle field and coming near to loosing his empire. (ii) Battle of Chausa with Humayun and Sher Shah’s victory. About 1700 sarais were constructed on both sides of the roads. 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