It was feared that the country's Shi'ite minority in the Eastern Province (which is also the location of the oil fields) might rebel under the influence of their Iranian co-religionists. [227] In September 2016, the Congress passed the Justice Against Sponsors of Terrorism Act that would allow relatives of victims of the 11 September attacks to sue Saudi Arabia for its government's alleged role in the attacks. The state's official language is Arabic. In return, the Al ash-Sheikh support the Al Saud's political authority[188] thereby using its religious-moral authority to legitimize the royal family's rule. One reason was to thwart Portuguese attempts to attack the Red Sea (hence the Hejaz) and the Indian Ocean. each country has his owm number to identify this area. [142], China and Saudi Arabia are major allies, with relationship between the two countries growing significantly in recent decades. [3] Other sources report differing estimates. [501] Atheists are legally designated as terrorists. Fahd continued to develop close relations with the United States and increased the purchase of American and British military equipment. A recent poll conducted by YouGov for Save the Children and Avaaz stated that 63 percent of British people oppose the sale of weapons to Saudi. [578], In March 2018, a law was passed allowing Saudi mothers to retain custody of their children after divorce without having to file any lawsuits. [402], Each year, about a quarter-million young Saudis enter the job market. [138] No political parties or national elections are permitted. According to the World Bank, approximately 14.3 million people visited Saudi Arabia in 2012, making it the world's 19th-most-visited country. [457] There are around 100,000 Westerners in Saudi Arabia, most of whom live in compounds or gated communities. Foreign Country Code Listing for Modernized e File | Internal Revenue Service Thus the idea that colonists from Saudi Arabia had emigrated to southern Mesopotamia and founded the region's first sedentary culture was abandoned. [16] Following his death in 632, his followers rapidly expanded the territory under Muslim rule beyond Arabia, conquering huge and unprecedented swathes of territory (from the Iberian Peninsula in the West to modern-day Pakistan in the East) in a matter of decades. Saudi Arabia has a long list of outstanding orders for arms, including 27 more combat aircraft from the UK, 154 combat aircraft from the US and a large number of armoured vehicles from Canada. [citation needed] At the same time, the government became increasingly wasteful and extravagant. [453], In its 2017 religious freedom report, the US State Department named Saudi Arabia a Country of Particular Concern (CPC). However, nepotism and patronage are widespread when doing business in the country. [223] There has been an intense debate over whether Saudi aid and Wahhabism has fomented extremism in recipient countries. ??? Instruments include the rabābah, an instrument not unlike a three-string fiddle, and various types of percussion instruments, such as the ṭabl (drum) and the ṭār (tambourine). The capital Riyadh, located in the heart of the country, is supplied with desalinated water pumped from the Persian Gulf over a distance of 467 km. [133], Since 2001, Saudi Arabia has engaged in widespread internet censorship. In January 2020, several other WWE superstars casted doubt over visiting Saudi, following the heightened tensions in Middle East due to assassination of Qassem Soleimani. [322] France authorized $18 billion in weapons sales to Saudi Arabia in 2015 alone. High taxes and a growth in unemployment have contributed to discontent, and has been reflected in a rise in civil unrest, and discontent with the royal family. [376][377] It has the third highest total estimated value of natural resources, valued at US$34.4 trillion in 2016. [434], Virtually all Saudi citizens are Muslim[436] (officially, all are), and almost all Saudi residents are Muslim. A large part of the curriculum at all levels is devoted to Islam, and, at the secondary level, students are able to follow either a religious or a technical track. As of 2016, in the interest of preserving precious water resources, domestic production of wheat has ended. Please note that your text messages MUST start with a country code. 156–157. [468], The Hejazi region, where the Islamic holy cities of Mecca and Medina are located, is the destination of the Ḥajj pilgrimage, and often deemed to be the cradle of Islam. [413], The population of Saudi Arabia as of July 2013 is estimated to be 26.9 million, including between 5.5 million[3] and 10 million non-nationalized immigrants,[382][416] though the Saudi population has long proved difficult to accurately estimate due to Saudi leaders' historical tendency to inflate census results. Theresa May backed the US call to end the coalition. Challenges to the Saudi economy include halting or reversing the decline in per-capita income, improving education to prepare youth for the workforce and providing them with employment, diversifying the economy, stimulating the private sector and housing construction, and diminishing corruption and inequality. [295] On 19 August 2020, Congressional Democrats asked the US secretary of state, Mike Pompeo, to provide information about China’s alleged role in building a uranium processing facility in Saudi Arabia. [276] Following the Arab Spring Saudi Arabia offered asylum to deposed President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali of Tunisia and King Abdullah telephoned President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt (prior to his deposition) to offer his support. [446], According to estimates there are about 1,500,000 Christians in Saudi Arabia, almost all foreign workers. Proponents call the movement "Salafism",[445] and believe that its teachings purify the practice of Islam of innovations or practices that deviate from the seventh-century teachings of Muhammad and his companions. [506], Saudi Wahhabism is hostile to any reverence given to historical or religious places of significance for fear that it may give rise to 'shirk' (idolatry), and the most significant historic Muslim sites (in Mecca and Medina) are located in the western Saudi region of the Hejaz. ", "Saudi Arabia Imposes Death Sentence for Bible Smuggling", Saudi Arabia declares all atheists are terrorists in new law to crack down on political dissidents, "Saudi Arabia: 2 Years Behind Bars on Apostasy Accusation", 'The destruction of Mecca: Saudi hardliners are wiping out their own heritage', 'Islamic heritage lost as Makkah modernises', 'Shame of the House of Saud: Shadows over Mecca', Destruction of Islamic Architectural Heritage in Saudi Arabia: A Wake-up Call, "Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)", "Al-Ahsa Oasis, an Evolving Cultural Landscape", "Rock Art in the Hail Region of Saudi Arabia", KSA Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List (4), Saudi Arabia to Spend $1Bn On Cultural Heritage, Destruction du patrimoine : une résolution historique du Conseil de Sécurité, "I will return Saudi Arabia to moderate Islam, says crown prince", "Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman's dynamic year of reform", "Catholic cardinal meets Saudi King in historic visit to Riyadh", "Saudi Arabia commits US$25 million to UNESCO for the protection of heritage", "Traditional dress of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia", "Saudi Arabia allows concerts—even country music", "Mohammed Abdu to perform live in Riyadh", "Rise of Saudi Prince Shatters Decades of Royal Tradition", "Saudi Arabia to reopen public cinemas for the first time in 35 years", "Saudi Arabia to Debut at Cannes With Its First National Pavilion", "Saudi Arabia and Lebanon are Set to Make Their Venice Biennale Debut", "David Guetta on his historic Saudi Arabia performance", "Saudi Arabian Slam Dunk, Fall 1997, Winter 1998, Volume 14, Number 4, Saudi Arabia", "Saudi women show greater interest in sports and games", "Men Basketball Asia Championship 1999 Fukuoka (JPN)- 28.08–05.09 Winner China", "Saudi women push for right to play sports – Sport", "Saudi Arabia opens first sports centre for women", "Saudi government sanctions sports in some girls' schools", "Saudi Arabia: No women on Asian Games Team", 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"Ideological and ownership trends in the saudi media", "Saudi women rise up after years of absence", "Saudi stock exchange appoints first female chair", "Saudi Arabia just appointed a female deputy minister", "Women in Saudi Arabia to vote and run in elections", "Camera Snapshots: Media in the Service of King Abdullah", "Saudi Arabia's women vote in election for first time", "Saudi Arabia cabinet approves domestic abuse ban", "Saudi Arabia passes law criminalizing domestic abuse", "Saudi Arabia cabinet passes ban on domestic violence", "Saudi Stock Exchange appoints first female chief in history of the kingdom", "Prince Mohammed bin Salman announces Saudi plans for largest entertainment city", "World-class entertainment park coming up in Al-Qiddiya", "Saudi King issues decree allowing women to drive", "Saudi women to start own business without male permission", "Divorced Saudi women win right to get custody of children", "Saudi Arabia brings back movie theaters — and 'staggering' demand is expected", "Mohammed bin Salman's reforms in Saudi Arabia could benefit us all", "Saudi Arabia to allow adult women to travel, register divorce", "Saudi Arabian women finally allowed to hold passports and travel independently", "Saudi Arabia Invites Tourists: What You Need to Know", "Saudi Arabia Grants Free 'Events Only' Visas for UAE, Bahrain, Kuwait Expats", "Saudi Prince's Year of Prestige Is Unraveling in Front of Him", "Saudi Arabia Looks at 'Painful' Measures, Deep Spending Cuts", "Newcastle United takeover deal worth £300m close", "19 Saudi universities among top 100 in the Arab world", "ARWU World University Rankings 2018 | Academic Ranking of World Universities 2018 | Top 500 universities | Shanghai Ranking – 2018", "World University Rankings – 2018 | Saudi Arabia Universities in Top 500 universities | Academic Ranking of World Universities – 2018 | Shanghai Ranking – 2018", "Saudi Arabia's Education Reforms Emphasize Training for Jobs", "Saudi school lessons in UK concern government", "This medieval Saudi education system must be reformed", "Secondary School Studies Plan 1438 Hijri", SR9 billion Tatweer project set to transform education, "Saudi Arabia most improved economy for business", "Life expectancy at birth, total (years) – Saudi Arabia | Data", Key Development Forecasts for Saudi Arabia, Council of Economic and Development Affairs, Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency (central bank), Union of Arab National Olympic Committees, Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, Special administrative regions of the People's Republic of China, Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu, Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries,, Arabic-speaking countries and territories, Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, States and territories established in 1932, Member states of the Gulf Cooperation Council, Pages with login required references or sources, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia pages semi-protected due to dispute, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2004, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, Articles with too many examples from September 2020, Wikipedia articles with style issues from September 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. منطقة إدارية; mintaqah idariyya). 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