It has to work against some deadlines, A specific job has to be completed within specific time! Its application less reliable and secure. The speed and small memory footprint advantages of machine language increasingly are outweighed by the difficulty of writing chip-level instructions in binary code. Reliability and security: • Assembly code tends to make errors easily. Advantages of Machine Language. This means it is long and tedious to write initially it is quite bug-prone your bugs can be very difficult to chase your code can be fairly difficult to … An assembly language programmer must be an expert who knows all about the logical structure of the computer. It is used for developing operating systems, device drivers, compilers and other programs that requires direct hardware access. It means that it is not portable from one machine to another. The disadvantages of assembly languages when compared to the high level languages are as follows; 1. Assembler translates mnemonics to specific machine code. Advantages of low level languages i) Like machine language it is also machine dependent. Assembly application is much difficult to maintain. The disadvantages of Assembly Assembly is a very low-level language (the lowest above hand-coding the binary instruction patterns). Generally they do not have secondary storage devices such as CDROM or floppy disk. i) It makes fast and efficient use of the computer. Development time: • Developing an applications or writing programs in assembly language takes more time compared to any other languages. Assembly language uses a special program called assembler. Reliability and security: It is easy to make errors in assembly code.The assembler is not checking if the calling conventions and register save conventions are obeyed. Assembly language is a symbolic representation of a processor's native code. Gigabytes of RAM and terabytes of available storage have eliminated the requirement for lean, efficient code in modern personal computers. Disadvantages of Assembly Language. 2. Advantages of assembly Language Over Machine Language – Easier to Understand and Use – Assembly language is easier to understand and use because mnemonics are used instead of numeric op-codes and suitable names are used for data. Writing assembly […] All codes must also be heavily documented and it is also difficult to debug. Using machine code allows the programmer to control precisely what the processor does. ii) Since it is machine dependent therefore programmer Should have the knowledge of the hardware also. 2. Development time: Writing code in assembly language takes much longer time than in a high level language. Disadvantages of assembly language: Some of the disadvantages are shown bellow. ADVANTAGES OF ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE IN EMBEDDED SYSTEM: Embedded system have a very limited resources. As its code is more discriptive hence it takes higher development time. Disadvantages of Assembly Language – it is machine-dependent. Advantages of assembly language over high-level languages, assembly possess a smaller computation time, and runs faster to produce the desired results. The disadvantages of using assembly language are. With the passage of time different compilers are introduced and have been improved alot. Assembly language is still in use. Some disadvantages of assembly language include being hard to read and has no symbolic names for memory locations. Assembly language was developed to overcome some of the many inconveniences of machine language. Thus programs written for one model of a computer cannot be executed on another model. This is another low-level but very important language in which operation codes and operands are given in the form of alphanumeric symbols instead of 0’s and l’s. Advantages Disadvantages. 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