Gender is a social construct, a product of culture, and it is so polluted by the reality of gender inequality that virtually everything we think we know about it needs to be abandoned. I will give you the example of the two gentlemen I met at a farm I went to the other day. No average guy will walk into a home, past a man’s grave to be with his widow. I would like to believe that it was not put in place as a transaction. particular! If she does not meet this criterion then she is failing in her womanly/wifely duties. If a man dives straight into bed after work it’s “oh shame man he is so tired, let him sleep”. Sounds familiar? She qualified on paper and hence had the potential to lead the country well however, because she carries the two X chromosomes, that would not be happening. I work for an organisation that interacts with rural communities on a daily basis. Already, this mentality has men placing themselves on a pedestal as does patriarchy. In fact, they had a look in their eyes as if to wonder why they would even be on a chair. be accepted as valid arguments! There is several aspect of inequality, which includes; I am black, I am Zimbabwean, I am African and I am proud of my culture. This, coming from young boys who had no wives even just made me wonder if our traditions and culture that we stand by are in fact the driving force behind gender inequality. I remember watching one of the news stations and someone from the African National Congress just said it openly that South Africa was not ready for a female president and at that time Dr Nkosazana Zuma was a candidate for the party presidency. We didn’t have the technology we do today and men were regarded higher than women. Butler argues further by proposing that “this construct called sex is as culturally constructed as gender.” (Hacking, 1999, p.8) The potential issue with Butler’s approach is that distinctions between the sexes cannot be completely ignored; it is helpful to maintain biological distinctions between the sexes. It is in the things that we are so accustomed to as a society that you realise how men and women will never be fully equal. She wakes up before everyone else and prepares their bath water, clothes and breakfast while they continue to enjoy restful sleep. The wife’s grave being at the back is culture’s way of demeaning her significance while also making it easier for a widower to remarry because his wife’s grave is out of sight and out of mind. Gender on the other hand is the fact of being male or female, especially when considered with reference to social and cultural differences, not difference in biology.. Inequality is also seen as the unfair difference between groups of people in the society when some have more wealth, status, or opportunity than others.. W omen are expected to maintain a very high level o f morality to be m arried to The literature review considers inequality and cultural value from two points of view: how cultural value is consumed and how it is produced. This is only because this is what they were taught a woman does. often the victims of gender violence and gender inequality in so many other respects. Is it our culture that calls the men to pay the bride price that makes them feel like they have bought a life-long servant? Here is a question for women. Gender studies scholars point to these variations in gender rules and systems as evidence that gender is a social construct rather than an innate biological characteristic. From them, I have understood that sometimes gender equality does not mean that if a man throws a stone so should a woman. Culture and gender are social! The European Institute for Gender Equality defines the issue of gender inequality as the legal, social and cultural circumstances where sex or gender determine different rights for women and men. Anthropology on sex, gender, & sexuality affirms the role of human creativity & imagination. In 2014, Merriam-Webster, Inc., announced that “culture” was the word of the year, based on the number of searches. Once asked why they do not occupy the chairs too they declared that they were comfortable on their grass mats on the floor. During the day, she is at her day job like her male counterparts and will literally slave away after work making sure that her husband is fed and comfortable like she is robotic with no feelings of exhaustion. So patriarchy is a system in which men have all the power and women are largely excluded from it. Africa’s free trade area to boost Zimb... Year end: Of reflections and character a... UK offers to vaccinate Zimbabweans against Covid-19, Highlanders given approval to start mining. Click To Tweet. This phenomenon has huge effects. discourses cannot! the re sult! Realising gender equality is strongly weighted on the contribution of males, because ‘… the very gender inequalities in economic assets, political power, cultural authority, and means of coercion that gender reform intend to change (ultimately) mean that men control most of the resources required to implement women’s claims for justice’. Several thousand Chinese culture and system is the deeply socialization construct the gender role. Previous research linking perceptions of gender inequality and psychological well-being were considered in light of the proposition that people from different cultures differ in their beliefs about how justifiable gender inequality is, and this research investigated these differences and their psychological consequences using cross-cultural comparisons. For younger children, girls often have been defined as playing \"house\" or \"teacher\" while boys are expected to play \"war\" or \"firefighter.\" With changing social media and community messaging, those traditional occupational r… An iconic New Yorkercartoon depicts this dilemma in two related frames: in the first, a goldfish swims in a bowl with a thought bubble overhead that says, “What water?” In the second… Social inequality results from a society organized by hierarchies of class, race, and gender that unequally distributes access to resources and rights. For this essay I have chosen inequality in religion. Gender inequality is when women have less power then men do or vice versa. culture! intrinsically! Culture is...about a way in which we interact with one another, in which we negotiate relationships of power Gender equality and the empowerment of women are among the top development goals of the United Nations. If a father is able, he will cook and bathe the kids. Receive news headlines directly to your inbox, daily! Likewise, these cultural differences also affect the social construction of gender and maintain gender inequality. But the gender awareness is not still enough. George Silundika & 9th Ave Do we even want to be equal or are we content with the status quo? Email Us: Contact US, © 2020 The Chronicle | Disclaimer | Copyright. There is gender inequality in popular culture, workplaces, sports, politics and religion. In most instances, this state is determined based on the biology of an individual’s genitalia. Unmarried, probably aged between 19 and 21, both expressed how sweeping is for women and that they had no time for it. A transition towards equal treatment and payment is a long path where a cultural change is a pre-necessity. The roles of men and women are very much defined in Zimbabwe. Are our traditions and cultures designed in a way that oppresses women? Is it safe to say that our cultures and traditions — from having a boy child be the successor or inheritor despite having elder sisters to how it is okay customarily for a man to have whatever number of wives while a woman should be a virgin or else. How does it affect us? it reduced gender inequality and enhanced gender relations. I had a laughable yet peculiar debate with a couple of colleagues after it was explained to us that traditionally, when the man of the house dies, he is laid to rest in the front of the house while the wife is buried at the back of the house. such as those associated with income or gender, the relationship between culture, specifically cultural value, and inequality is comparatively under-researched. This is why essentializing! The normalisation of this set up in our communities has all of us believing that men are better leaders and, therefore, not questioning or even contesting for leadership roles as women. Invoking culture (cultural specificities) to justify gende r@based! discriminatory! to! This paper examines gender inequality and how the social construction of gender makes it difficult for the pursuit of equality amongst genders. Gender inequality spurs rape culture. Gender is a social construct defined by the values of the culture. In the interactions, women are always seated on the floor while the men are perched on chairs. Bongiwe Nkomazana culture, traditions and customs with particular reference to South African culture, traditions and customs. Think about it, young men, whom one would think are more modern and at least have an idea on gender inequality would rather live in dirt than reduce themselves to a woman’s level by sweeping. From an early age, children have learned societal expectations regarding gender-appropriate occupations from different places: in their homes, in businesses, restaurants, from the media, and from their peers. Within religion and culture, this inequality is evident in the fact that men overwhelmingly dominate in the highest levels of the hierarchy in these sectors. Religion and culture as powerful institutions within society play a major role in shaping gender roles and perpetuating gender inequality and are powerful institutions within society. to! As much as people have been getting married in a white dress in a church, they have also been going the traditional route of lobola and ukucolwa which is Ndebele for a ceremony in which a goat is slaughtered and its bile is smeared on the bride’s feet as a way to welcome her into her husband’s family. Gender inequality is associated with stereotyped social and cultural roles. Gender sensitization typically means a process where all genders are taught to respect everyone irrespective of gender differences. Therefore, women should not doubt men only for the predominant inequality but also reflect own behaviour which is shaped by culture and role models. The reason we came up with is simple. Essentially, this is between men and women. Culture refers to the “learned and ideational aspects of human society” (Jenks 1993: 9). Bulawayo . What was the reasoning behind lobola/roora though? It makes the inequality of gender till today. Evidence demonstrates that the persistence of gender inequality in construction effects women's recruitment, retention and progress and is largely attributable to cultural and structural barriers (Sang and Powell, 2012). Although many research reflects the equality of man and women had improved. As he puts it, “I will argue that gender difference is the product of gender inequality and not the other way around . What exactly is it? So, this is culture’s way of making sure that even after death, a man has some sort of hold on his wife. Full Text. Be honest. is! This, coming from young boys who had no wives even just made me wonder if our traditions and culture that we stand by are in fact the driving force behind gender inequality. Men and women have their different strengths and so equality lies in the ability to choose what it is that you want to do and being given the opportunity to excel and expand in that area. The aim of this article is to explore how the contentious issues of culture and religion remain sources of gender inequality and oppression for most women in Africa. a! Phone: +263292888871 To say “gender is a social construction” is not to deny evolution, to deny science, to deny that humans are animals, or to claim some sort of ethereal special place for the non-material. This will include a brief review at what really constitutes African culture, tradition and custom, and what is a colonial or imperial construct which is now regarded as African culture, tradition and custom. Gender is defined as the state of being male or female. In the United States as in many other societies, gender relationships are changing and inequalities between men and women are questioned in virtually every sphere – at work, in the home, and in public affairs. Sketching out some feminist historyof the terms provides a helpful starting point. Religion has been around for thousands of years, when religion first started our world was different. Western culture’s patriarchal influence on social norms and prac­tices has played an important role in creating these power differences between men and women. Gender inequality is a social and cultural phenomenon in which there is discrimination against people due to their gender. Mothers all over Zimbabwe are popular for waking their daughters up in the wee hours of the morning and expecting them to go to bed last. WE Africans are proud of our traditions and while other countries are fast shifting theirs to fit into a modern setting, Africa and Zimbabwe in particular have held on to most of their cultural beliefs and stand by them. women.!!!!! The social construction of gender is a theory in feminism and sociology about the manifestation of cultural origins, mechanisms, and corollaries of gender perception and expression in the context of interpersonal and group social interaction. Similar results were demonstrated by the work of NGOs in Zambia on a project called a Safer Zambia, ASAZA. What is meant by gender inequality? gender: The socio-cultural phenomenon of the division of people into various categories such as male and female, with each having associated roles, expectations, stereotypes, etc. As we spoke to them, I made a comment on how they needed to buy brooms to sweep their surroundings. Their study showed that poverty reduction had positive impact on gender, i.e. This is just food for thought. claim that! discriminations! . It was a metaphor for patriarchy if you ask me, to show how early it is embedded in our minds that whatever duties a woman does are unimportant and easy. The terms ‘sex’ and ‘gender’ mean differentthings to different feminist theorists and neither are easy orstraightforward to characterise. 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We can feel its impact in different areas: work, social life, family life, etc. Gender socialization: The process of educating and instructing males and females as to the norms, behaviors, values, and beliefs of group membership as men or women. We examine the effect of social institutions related to gender inequality on development outcomes. Gender inequality persists in the world of culture, underlines a new report Share this article They face many barriers to access, contribute and participate equally in theatre, cinema, arts, music and heritage, which prevents them from developing their full potential … More than anything, this may represent a testimonial to Americans’ confusion over culture. of fluctuating power relations.! Gender roles vary significantly across cultures.Indeed, all gender roles are culturally and historically contingent, meaning that they cannot be analyzed outside of their cultural and historical contexts.This section attempts to provide a few examples of variation in gender roles and the lives of women in various places around the world. However, the stereotype and bias around gender roles and rights have existed in our society and have been deep-rooted within our cultural institutions and the way we behave as a collective. For example, Asian and African countries still abide by the very traditional patriarch lifestyle, in which the men are the “breadwinners” and women do the housework and take care of the children. constructions,! Talking to friends in the diaspora or even watching shows from the West, I have realised how no fuss is made as to whom does this and that in the household. Is this fair? S grave to be equal or are we content with the status?... 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