The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, age groups, age distribution, nationality, ethnic group). 12 per cent of Sarawak is covered with peat swamp forest. Sarawak Government Official Portal is a single gateway to access the Sarawak State Government information and the online services provided by the Sarawak State Government. [177], Electricity in Sarawak, supplied by the state-owned Sarawak Energy Berhad (SEB),[178] is primarily sourced from traditional coal fired power plants and thermal power stations using LNG,[178][179] but diesel based sources and hydroelectricity are also utilised. A village health promoter program, where volunteers are provided with basic medical training, was established in 1981 but difficulty in providing medical supplies to remote villages, as well as a lack of incentive, resulted in a decline of the program. [149][150] The Sarawak Biodiversity Centre was set up in 1997 for the conservation, protection, and sustainable development of biodiversity in the state. Sarawak has an equatorial climate with tropical rainforests and abundant animal and plant species. Although considered one people, their language is regionally distinct resulting in dialects that are unintelligible to Bidayuh from outside the immediate locale,[272] resulting in English and Malay being the lingua franca. [104] In 2009, Malaysian prime minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi claimed that in a meeting with Sultan of Brunei, Brunei agreed to drop its claim over Limbang. The head of state is the Governor, also known as the Yang di-Pertua Negeri, while the head of government is the Chief Minister. [275][note 13], It was a number of decades before print media began to appear in Sarawak. These include: control over immigration in and out of the state as well as the residence status of non-Sarawakians and non-Sabahans, limitations on the practice of law to resident lawyers, independence of the Sarawak High Court from the High Court Peninsular Malaysia, a requirement that the Sarawak Chief Minister be consulted prior to the appointment of the chief judge of the Sarawak High Court, the existence of Native Courts in Sarawak and the power to levy sales tax. Search and explore the world’s largest statistical database to find data. Sarawak, historic region that is now a state of Malaysia. It has several prominent cave systems at Gunung Mulu National Park. After ten weeks of fighting there, the Allied forces surrendered on 1 April 1942. The company was involved in a wide range of businesses in Sarawak including trade, banking, agriculture, mineral exploration, and development. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. [297] One direct result of this diversity in cultures, engendered by a policy of tolerance to all races, is the increasing numbers of tribal peoples marrying not only other Sarawakian tribes, but also to Chinese, Malays as well as citizens of European or American descent. In comparison, mobile telecommunication uptake in Sarawak was comparable to the national average, 93.3% against a national average of 94.2%, and on par with neighbouring Sabah. “The research will be a continuation of a prior one on the … [235] Early childhood education is not directly controlled by the Ministry of Education as it does with primary and secondary education. Sarawak is divided into administrative divisions and districts, governed by a system that is closely modelled on the Westminster parliamentary system and was the earliest state legislature system in Malaysia. Quick data summaries and visualizations on trending industry, political, and socioeconomic topics from Knoema’s database. After the war, the last White Rajah, Charles Vyner Brooke, ceded Sarawak to Britain, and in 1946 it became a British Crown Colony. Sarawak is a Malaysian state. [30], The discovery of antimony ore in the Kuching region led Pangeran Indera Mahkota, a representative of the Sultan of Brunei, to increase development in the territory between 1824 and 1830. [212] Three airlines serve flights in Sarawak, Malaysia Airlines, Air Asia, and MASwings all of which use Kuching Airport as their main hub. [24], The Bruneian Empire was established in the coastal regions of Sarawak by the mid-15th century,[25] and the Kuching area was known to Portuguese cartographers during the 16th century as Cerava, one of the five great seaports of Borneo. Live data and insights on Coronavirus outbreak around the world, including detailed statistics for the US, Italy, EU, and China. [145] In 1854, Alfred Russel Wallace visited Sarawak. [112][269], The Melanau are a native people of Sarawak that lived in areas primarily around the modern city of Mukah, where they worked as fishermen and craftsmen as well renowned boat-builders. Weng, who had moved to China in the mid-1960s but nonetheless retained control of the CCO, pushed for a continued armed insurrection against the government in spite of this agreement. [111], Animal species are also highly varied, with 185 species of mammals, 530 species of birds, 166 species of snakes, 104 species of lizards, and 113 species of amphibians, of which 19 per cent of the mammals, 6 per cent of the birds, 20 per cent of the snakes and 32 per cent of the lizards are endemic. The population development in Sarawak as well as related information and services (Wikipedia, Google, images). [191], Tourism plays a major role in the economy of the state, contributing 7.89% of the state's GDP in 2016. 6 [111] At highland areas, the temperature can vary from 16 °C (61 °F) to 25 °C (77 °F) during the day and as low as 11 °C (52 °F) during the night. The combined throughput of the four primary ports was 61.04 million freight weight tonnes (FWT) in 2013. The most significant engagement of the confrontation was fought at Plaman Mapu in April 1965. [70][71], The head of the Sarawak state is the Yang di-Pertua Negeri (also known as TYT or Governor), a largely symbolic position appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King of Malaysia) on the advice of the Malaysian federal government. The latter two are satellite campuses of Curtin University in Perth and Swinburne University of Technology in Melbourne, Australia. Dayak which means upstream or inland, is used as a blanket term by the Islamic coastal population for over 200 tribal groups. The 1978 Majlis Islam Bill enabled the setting up of Syariah Courts in Sarawak with jurisdictions over matrimonial, child custody, betrothal, inheritance, and criminal cases in the state. [293] However, during the chieftainship of Abdul Rahman Ya'kub, the Constitution of Sarawak was amended to make the Yang di-Pertuan Agong as the head of Islam in Sarawak and empower the state assembly to pass laws regarding Islamic affairs. These become loftier to the north, and are highest near the source of the Baram River at the steep Mount Batu Lawi and Mount Mulu. [329], Autonomous State of Malaysia on the island of Borneo, Ooi, 2013. KUCHING: A research is set to be undertaken to prepare for an ageing population in Sarawak by next year. [302][303], In the years before federation, the colonial government recognised that British education and indigenous culture was influencing a new generation of Iban teachers. [206] According to a 2015 article, household internet penetration in Sarawak was lower than Malaysian national average, 41.2% versus 58.6%, with 58.5% of internet use being in urban areas and 29.9% in rural areas. [162] Through the course of 2016 over 2 million acres of forest, much of it in orangutan habitats, were declared protected areas. Anthony Brooke, who would become Rajah Muda (heir apparent) in 1939, was born in 1912. Other plants includes 1,000 species of orchids, 757 species of ferns, and 260 species of palm. Sarawak had a population of 2.07 million. 916 Malaysia Day Countdown Street Party has been held for the 7th consecutive year. This led to several blockades by indigenous tribes during the 1980s and 1990s against logging companies encroaching on their lands. The ports of Kuching and Sibu are built some distance from the coast on rivers while Bintulu and Miri are close to the coastline where the hills stretch right to the South China Sea. [53] Sarawak was immediately placed under British Military Administration and managed by Australian Imperial Forces (AIF) until April 1946. [citation needed], Sarawak is a sister state/province to Fujian Province in China. The party was dissolved after the signing of a peace agreement in 1990. [20][21] A modern human skull found near the Niah Caves is the oldest human remain found in Malaysia and the oldest modern human skull from Southeast Asia. [196] Other events that are held regularly in Sarawak are the ASEAN International Film Festival, Asia Music Festival, Borneo Jazz Festival, Borneo Cultural Festival, and Borneo International Kite Festival. The coastal regions of Sarawak came under the influence of the Bruneian Empire in the 16th century. The climate is stable throughout the year except for the two monsoons, with average daily temperature varying between 23 °C (73 °F) in the morning to 32 °C (90 °F) in the afternoon at coastal areas. [20][21][22][23] Chinese ceramics dating to the Tang and Song dynasties (8th to 13th century AD, respectively) found at Santubong (near Kuching) hint at its significance as a seaport. Female population of Sarawak increased from 1,255 thousands in 2013 to 1,324.3 thousands in 2017 growing at an average annual rate of 1.35%. Traditionally, they are known for their silver and brass crafts, wood carvings, and textiles. Sarawak Chinese are primarily Buddhist and Christian,[265] and speak a multitude of dialects: Cantonese, Foochow, Hakka, Hokkien, Teochew, and Henghua (Putian people). [30], In 1969, the first Sarawak state election was held, with members of the Council Negri being directly elected by the voters. Situated in the western region of the Island of Borneo and with a total area of about 724 450 square miles, Sarawak is almost as large as the whole of Peninsular Malaysia. The earliest Christian missionaries in Sarawak were Church of England (Anglicans) in 1848, followed by Roman Catholics a few years later, and Methodists in 1903. [113] In 1961, Sarawak including neighbouring Sabah, which had been included in the International Maritime Organization (IMO) through the participation of the United Kingdom, became joint associate members of the IMO. The city is a major gateway for travelers to other parts of Borneo and is also noted as a major food destination. [217] Currently, buses are the primary mode of public transportation in Sarawak with interstate services connecting the state to Sabah, Brunei, and Pontianak (Indonesia). Sarawak is a Malaysian state. [135] Matang Wildlife Centre, Semenggoh Nature Reserve, and Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary[136] are noted for their orangutan protection programmes. Judging from the demographic behaviour of the communities, growth of Sarawak's population during the next two decades will remain substantial because the numerically large cohort of women born in the 1960s will be reaching their prime reproductive age and most of them will marry and bear children. A second airport at Miri serves flights primarily to other Malaysian states as well as services to Singapore. The third region is the mountainous region along the Sarawak–Kalimantan border, where a number of villages such as Bario, Ba'kelalan, and Usun Apau Plieran are located. Generally, the leader of the party that commands the majority of the state Legislative Assembly is appointed as the chief minister; democratically elected representatives are known as state assemblymen. [225] [214], A railway line existed before the war, but the last remnants of the line were dismantled in 1959. Rajang River is the longest river in Malaysia; Bakun Dam, one of the largest dams in Southeast Asia, is located on one of its tributaries, the Balui River. INSTITUTIONAL RESTRUCTURING IN SARAWAK, MALAYSIA", Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, "Sarawak Forestry Corporation – About Us – FAQ", "About Sarawak Biodiversity Centre – Profile", "Malaysian palm oil destroying forests, report warns", "Sarawak, Malaysia Infringement of the Rights of Indigenous People by Continuous Illegal Logging Practices", "Rumah Nor: A Land Rights Case for Malaysia", "Earth Island News – Borneo Project – Indigenous victory overturned", "Power, profit, and pollution: dams and the uncertain future of Sarawak", "Battle Against Illegal Logging in Sarawak Begins", "Sarawak establishes 2.2M acres of protected areas, may add 1.1M more", "Types and Categories of Sarawak's Forests", "Impact of oil palm plantations on peatland conversion in Sarawak 2005-2010", "Economic development in Sarawak, Malaysia. [92][93], Unlike states in Peninsular Malaysia, Sarawak is divided into divisions, 12 in all, each headed by an appointed resident. The 2015 census of Malaysia reported a population of 2,636,000 in Sarawak, making it the fourth most populous state. [219], Sarawak has four primary ports located at Kuching, Sibu, Bintulu, and Miri. In Sarawak, the Dayaks as a whole can be subdivided into numerous group. It lies in East Malaysia and shares the island of Borneo with the eastern state of Sabah, the separate country of Brunei and the Indonesian provinces of Kalimantan. Sarawak has a population of more than 2.6 million, made up of some 26 different ethnic groups. Demographics of Sarawak Population As of the 2010 census, the population of Sarawak was 2,399,839, making it the 4th most populous state in Malaysia. Typically, they live in longhouses, traditional community homes that … [51][52] The following day, the Japanese forces at Kuching surrendered, and the Batu Lintang camp was liberated. [170] It also specialises in the manufacture of food and beverages, wood-based and rattan products, basic metal products, and petrochemicals,[99] as well as cargo and air services and tourism. The generally-accepted explanation of the state's name is that it is derived from the Sarawak Malay word serawak, which means antimony. Other smaller airports such as Sibu Airport, Bintulu Airport, Mukah Airport, Marudi Airport, Mulu Airport, and Limbang Airport provide domestic services within Malaysia. Sarawak had a population of 2.07 million. [112] A total of its 45.5 kilometres (28.3 mi) coastline have been eroding. [69] Weng Min Chyuan and Bong Kee Chok were two of the more notable communist leaders involved in the insurgency. [175], In 1955, OCBC became the first foreign bank to operate in Sarawak, with other overseas banks following suit. With such provisions, Islamic policies can be formulated in Sarawak and the establishment of Islamic state agencies is possible. [287] Indigenous people such as the Iban, Bidayuh, and Orang Ulu have adopted Christianity although they do retain some of their traditional religious rites. The earliest known human settlement in Sarawak at the Niah Caves dates back 40,000 years. frame|Map of Sarawak in Malaysia ==Cities== [71] 1973 saw the birth of Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu (PBB) following a merger of several parties. Er ist die Heimat zahlreicher unterschiedlicher Volksgruppen, die anders als die Malaien, die im Rest des Landes politisch und kulturell dominieren, we… In 1960, the overall literacy rate was 25%, with a heavy slant in the literacy rate towards the Chinese population, 53%, compared with that of indigenous peoples which was substantially lower, only 17%. Most of the population now lives in larger towns and cities, but there are still a significant number living in the traditional long houses in remote areas. See the map and more useful information of Sarawak. [19], Sultanate of Sarawak 1599–1641 [18], Sarawak is nicknamed "Land of the Hornbills" (Bumi Kenyalang). [251], Urban populations consist predominantly of Malays, Melanaus, Chinese, and a small population of urban Ibans and Bidayuhs who migrated from their home villages seeking employment. [38] Expanding trade led to the formation of the Borneo Company Limited in 1856. [242] Previously, only Chinese students were enrolled in these schools, but mobility of the workforce has led to increasing turnover of students as parents move to other areas for employment. However, Sarawak didn't have its own true TV station until 10 October 2020, when it launched TV Sarawak, thus becoming the first region in Malaysia to own its TV station and marking the comeback to the broadcasting world 15 years after. Comparing the population growth of Sarawak with the national total, it is not difficult to note the steady decline, from 9.35% of the nation’s population in 1970 to 8.78% 40 years later. [163], Sources vary as to Sarawak's remaining forest cover: former chief minister Abdul Taib Mahmud declared that it fell from 70% to 48% between 2011 and 2012, the Sarawak Forest Department and the Ministry of Resource Planning and Environment both held that it remained at 80% in 2012,[164][165] and Wetlands International reported that it fell by 10% between 2005 and 2010, 3.5 times faster than the rest of Asia combined. [42] Domestically, Brooke established the Sarawak Museum – the oldest museum in Borneo – in 1891,[41][43] and brokered a peace in Marudi by ending intertribal wars there. Other cities and towns in Sarawak include Miri, Sibu, and Bintulu. Us, Italy, EU, and development volunteers and, later, Military forces and is most! River networks with a combined length of 3,300 kilometres ( 2,100 mi ) including its,! Page 95 ), Postill, 2006 in 1854, Alfred Russel Wallace visited Sarawak vote-buying tactics in to... 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