Latin name: Languas galangal or Alpinia galanga. This spice has complex undertones but mostly consists of a smoky flavor coupled with a mildly sweet and earthy taste. This spice is also quite popular in the culinary world where it may be either used in its fresh form or as dried powder on casseroles, curries, cheese dishes, stews and meat-based dishes. Most people prefer using freshly grounded cumin in curry recipes and vegetable dishes to get the most of that intense, nutty –spicy flavor. Caraway seeds are most commonly used in the preparation of rye bread due to their warm, biting flavor and a sharp, pungent aroma that is highly similar to the aroma of dill. Ajwain seeds are small and oval-shaped and greatly resemble many other spice seeds including cumin, caraway, and fennel. Latin name: Trachyspermum ammi or Carum copticum. It is often used as a seasoning in soups, stews, rice dishes and many other dishes. Green cardamom is used more commonly than its black counterpart and has a very light and sweet flavor. Crushed red pepper has a distinctively fruity, yet spicy flavor, … The versatile flavor of this incredible spice also makes it an excellent addition to citrus drinks, lemonades, and margaritas. Caraway seeds have long been associated with a multitude of health benefits that include relief from constipation, ease of digestion, cholesterol reduction, and treatment for cramps. Also, according to historical evidence, fennel was hung over doorways to ward off evil spirits, especially during the Middle Ages era. Shantanu Pal. Turmeric is yet another incredibly famous Indian spice with a mix of bitter, spicy flavor. It is like eating food that has no salt in it. Karolina Grabowska. These spice mixes, especially the ones that are specific to a dish, don’t really have a corresponding English name except for translating that dish into English. This list does not contain fictional plants such as aglaophotis, or recreational drugs such as tobacco.. Apple launched the trend toward food-oriented baby names, with lots of tasty names joining the menu. Coriander produces natural citrus flavors when ground up. It is also a very common ingredient that is often used in spice mixes and seasoned salts. Star anise is basically used as a less expensive substitute of anise in the culinary world and also in liquor production. Isn’t it absolutely incredible how there is such a vast variety of delicious spices that are found all over the world? Some incredible health benefits of nutmeg include indigestion relief, diarrhea control, and appetite loss. They are commonly divided into the categories of spices, spice seeds, and herbs.… Mustard seeds consist of a nutty and smoky flavor that is best released when they are cooked in oil or when they are crushed. Black cumin seeds are popularly used in the Polish cuisine, as well as Middle Eastern and Indian cuisines. India is home to a large variety of spices that find their way through into many cuisines. Daria Shevtsova. It is often confused with the spice anise due to the similarity of name, flavor profile, and shape; however, they are still quite different. This will include descriptions and pictures, which will help you understand what each type of spice is and their common uses in the kitchen. Allspice is a berry that has combined flavors of pepper, nutmeg, and cinnamon. They are also used for a number of health-related purposes including toothaches, vomiting, nausea, and indigestion, to name a few. Pixabay. Don't forget to sprinkle freshly chopped herbs on the finished dish. It is mainly cultivated and produced in India and Iran. It is also used in many desserts in ground form due to its distinctive flavor and aroma. The best type of saffron is the one that has a beautiful and rich dark red color. This is primarily due to the numerous health benefits that are associated with this spice, for instance, it is loaded with anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, and it can prevent cancer. Galangal was first introduced in Europe back in the 9th century after which the spice started gaining significant popularity in the culinary world. The use of mustard seeds as a condiment dates back to ancient times during the Roman era. It is most commonly used in dishes like curries, stews, cheese dishes, or often simply sprinkled on salads for that added kick and texture. Melissa Petruzzello is Assistant Editor of Plant and Environmental Science and covers a range of content from plants, algae, and fungi, to renewable energy and environmental engineering. This popular spice comes from an annual flowering plant that is native to south and southwest Asia. List of spices is where we will be having an informative look at everyday spices. Fascinatingly, fennel spice was significantly used thousands of years ago by the Chinese and Hindu people as a cure for snake bites. In ancient times, sometime around the 1600s, nutmeg became an expensive commercial spice in the Western world and was commonly used by the Dutch as a subject to keep prices high. Dried cayenne peppers are turned into ground powder which is used as a spice in a variety of cuisines all over the world. Ground fennel seeds are popularly used as a spice in several cuisines all across the world due to its sweet and grassy flavor that has subtle hints of anise and star anise. Either way, it adds a smoky touch to any dish and tastes absolutely delicious. The history of spices goes as far back as the start of the human civilization where vast lands were discovered by the numerous civilizations that sprung during ancient times. Generally, this particular variety comes from Spain, Iran, and Kashmir. Black pepper consists of a very unique spicy taste and is typically used to provide a subtle heat kick to numerous recipes and dishes. Cloves contain a very distinctive kind of a sweet smell with an equally sweet-spicy flavor. Medicinal records from medieval times show great evidence of this spice being used as a treatment for a number of health ailments like bowel conditions, headaches, asthma, cold, fever and flue. spices herbs indian food food pepper cooking tea space cinnamon coffee salt Markus Spiske. However, many of its cultivars spread to most parts of the world. Coriander. Cassia bark is commonly grown and produced in Indonesia, China, and Burma and is perfect for homemade tea blends or spice blends. Garlic is probably the most popular and common spice seasoning that is used in almost every cuisine found in the whole world. This spice is popularly used in sweets and desserts like custards, puddings and cakes, as well as in savory dishes like soups, soufflés, sauces, etc. Look for the predominate ingredient in your dish and flavor with fresh herbs and spices accordingly. Crushed Red Pepper. While you may already know about the importance of spices, did you know that a massive variety of spices is found in this world? They pair well with starchy foods like flatbreads, green beans, root vegetables and legumes. Download Indian spices stock photos. Onion powder comes from dried and dehydrated onion bulbs and is commonly used as a seasoning for soups, stews, rice dishes and many others for that extra onion-ey kick of flavor. Many cuisines involve the use of fresh ginger for making a variety of dishes like curries, rice, soups, stews, etc. A pinch of it is added to almost every recipe you could possibly imagine. Interestingly, the color of mace can help you figure out its origin. Interestingly, it is a very versatile spice so it can be used to intensify both sweet and savory flavors. Zeera, Elaichi, Ajwain, Kalonji, Dhanya meaning in English. Now that you know some of the most common and popular spices, you will be able to identify them in most of your foods and dishes! An interesting historical fact about cloves is that before approaching their Emperor, the Chinese had to have a few cloves in their mouth as a way of sweetening their breath. Its flavor is also said to be very warm, with a kick of lemony sweetness, so many people prefer to use it in place of nutmeg, especially in light-colored dishes. The cinnamon spice is popularly used in the production of chocolate in Mexico, whereas in the United States, it is greatly featured in bread-based dishes and is also used to flavor different cereals. 4,055 Free images of Spices. Basil. Biryani Spices List, Names, Pictures, Health Benefits For the past few months, I have been sharing varieties of (Vegetarian)Veg biryani recipes in my blog under “Sunday Lunch Recipes”. While pumpkin spice is a primary ingredient of pumpkin pie, it has also become popular as a flavor enhancer for coffee and other sweet drinks. The intense color of this spice gives curries and other dishes a beautiful golden shade and a strong flavor that greatly intensifies the overall taste of any dish. Turmeric is generally easily identifiable due to its bright color combination of yellow and orange. https://www.thespruceeats.com/herb-and-spice-gallery-4121888 The length of that shelf life depends on how the spices are cared for. It is especially common with chicken-based dishes. Corrections? This has to be one of the most commonly found and consumed spices all over the world. Many people use this spice to treat muscle and stomach spasms, menstrual problems, joint pains, the common cold, high blood pressure, and many other health ailments. Although nutmeg is popularly used in baking and cold beverages, it is also an excellent addition to hearty dishes like mutton and lamb recipes, vegetable stews, etc. She has her M.S.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. It has several medicinal uses and acts as an excellent digestive aid, as well as a treatment for muscle aches and toothache. Anise is widely used as a treatment for coughs, sore throat, indigestion, flatulence, and sleeplessness. Adonyi Gábor. It is most popularly featured in Iranian, Asian, Pakistani, North Indian and Ethiopian cuisines. NEOSiAM 2020. Its popularity largely stems from its ability to add an incredible depth of flavor along with potency to any dish or meal. This is a list of culinary herbs and spices.Specifically these are food or drink additives of mostly botanical origin used in nutritionally insignificant quantities for flavoring or coloring.. Spices, like all foods, have a distinct shelf life and will go bad. Spice and herb, parts of various plants cultivated for their aromatic, pungent, or otherwise desirable substances.Spices and herbs consist of rhizomes, bulbs, barks, flower buds, stigmas, fruits, seeds, and leaves. Sumac comes from the flowering plants belonging to the Rhus genus and it majorly grows in temperate and subtropical regions of North America, East Asia, and Africa. Learn different types of Spices Name with pictures in American English.A complete list of spices names with Images. Saffron is also very famous for its floral, honey-like fragrance that provides an incredible aromatic smell to any food dish. Its texture is quite similar to that of caraway seeds and it is also often used in baked foods to get that depth of flavor and smell. The Romans used to grind these seeds into a paste and mix them with wine. Spice name and images with relavent nacessary vocabulary notes, hope that way you will enjoy learning spice name and spice vocabulary It is often used together with cinnamon due to the similar pungent fragrance and a subtle sweet taste. Saffron is often used as a sedative as well as a treatment for dry skin, menstrual symptoms, and asthma. They are used in Asian, Ethiopian, North Indian, Iranian, North Indian and Pakistani cuisines. In the United States, this spice is usually sprinkled on foods as a garnish; however, the best way to get the maximum flavor out of it is by heating it in oil. This fusion of spices gives it a mixture of sweet-spicy-pungent taste which is why it is popularly used in several food dishes for that intense depth of flavor. Paprika peppers are native to the New World and have originated from Central Mexico. It is best planted in early Spring, and again in Autumn in warmer areas. Pixabay. Indian spices include a variety of spices grown across the Indian subcontinent (a sub-region of South Asia).With different climates in different parts of the country, India produces a variety of spices, many of which are native to the subcontinent. Cumin can be used as a whole or in a grounded form. More on Fresh Culinary H erbs. Others were imported from similar climates and have since been cultivated locally for centuries. It is native to South Asia, Central Asia, and Southwestern Siberia. Spices come from the root, bark or seeds of a plant. Interestingly though, this spice is also used to make ‘fake’ maple syrup that a lot of people believe tastes the same as the actual maple syrup. It is very easy to grow from its big, round seeds. I hope many of you had found it useful and tried them too. Just like other peppers belonging to the same family, red chili peppers also provide numerous health benefits like relief from pain, congestion, and colds. This is a famous hot chili pepper that is related to other hot peppers like jalapeno. Miguel Á. Padriñán. The other variety is Sweet Fennel, which, as the name suggests has a really sweet, nutty aroma and taste. Allspice. Fennel is basically a hardy perennial herb that is native to the Mediterranean shores. The use and consumption of spices began as early as the 3500 BC by ancient Egyptians to flavor their food and give it added zest and aroma. Many of these edible baby names have long histories as names, such as Clementine and Rosemary, while others including Kale and Maple have been adopted as names more recently. The largest cultivation and production of cinnamon comes from China and Indonesia, however, its consumption dates far back as the 2000 BC. Olenka Sergienko. Maria Orlova. These spices are individual spices, but a lot of times in the spice rack of your grocery store, you would find spice mixes like garam masala, chole masala, rajma masala, goda masala, nihari masala, 5-spice panch phoran spice mix etc. This spice was initially very popular in Europe even before the spice trade that began in Asia. Fresh Herbs - Flavor and Uses: Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The aroma and taste of cinnamon are quite similar to the spice cassia bark and is usually described as soft and sweet with a distinctive spice kick. Allspice comes from Pimenta dioic which is an evergreen tree that belongs to the myrtle family. Updates? Bay Leaf. Cardamom has quite a rich history behind it in terms of its medicinal properties and has been used since ancient times as a digestive aid, as well as to treat inflammatory and respiratory conditions. Garlic powder is commonly used in pasta, grilled chicken, salad dressings, curries and rice recipes – to name a few. Celery seed is usually ground up into salt, and can then be added to many dishes for a concentrated taste of celery. Ginger is a herbaceous perennial that has originated from Islands of Southeast Asia and was later transported throughout the Indo-Pacific. Galangal root powder comes from galangal, which is an East Asian tropical shrub. Ginger is also greatly used in a variety of different desserts like pumpkin pie and gingerbread. Chili peppers mainly originate from Mexico. But very often, especially in case of non-Indian recipes, I’m at a loss when it comes to the ingredients (mostly spices) that they use. Fenugreek seeds are often used as whole or even in powdered form mainly in vegetable dishes, spice mixes, pickles, lentil-based recipes, etc. Soon enough, the use and production of spices spread throughout the Middle East, all the way to Europe, the eastern Mediterranean, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and China. Some of its most distinctive characteristics include the intense fragrance coupled with the unique ridged brown seeds. https://www.britannica.com/topic/list-of-herbs-and-spices-2024392. Charlotte May. Thai cuisine uses galangal in almost all of its dishes from tom yum soup to numerous curries and gravies. Black pepper has originated from India, particularly from the Malabar region and the Western Ghats. It comes from the berries of the pepper plant and you would typically also find white and green colored peppercorns. They are now commonly grown in Europe and North America in great abundance. (See also spice and herb; spice trade.). The flavor of anise is said to be very similar to that of licorice which is why it is commonly used with honey in a variety of baked goods. Star anise is also known by several other names like Chinese Star Anise, Badiane, and Star anise seed. You will be surprised to know how many different spices there are, all with their unique taste, characteristics, flavors, and aromas. This spice is typically dry-roasted or fried in oil which allows it to develop a complex aroma and a subtle taste. Learn a list of Spices with Urdu and Hindi with PDF. Black cumin has several medicinal uses including curing allergies, asthma, headaches, toothaches and indigestion problems. Ginger has long been associated with numerous health and medicinal benefits and has majorly been used as a digestive aid and to treat the common cold, flu, and cough. You can test the vocabulary when doing the practice exercises on the next page. From sweet to savory to spicy, we have all the flavors you need to elevate your next meal. this … The first is Bitter Fennel which has a licorice-like aroma and a slightly sweet flavor profile. Along with Clementine and Rosemary, other food names in the US Top 1000 include Angelica, Charlotte, … This spice is also known as the “Queen of Spices” in India, its country of origin. Nutmeg comes from a tropical evergreen tree that is native to Moluccas Island in Indonesia, where it is also cultivated in abundance, as well as in West Indies. This spice is an annual herb that belongs to the family Apiaceae and is commonly known by many other names like bishop’s weed and ajowan caraway. Some of its amazing medicinal uses include using it as laxatives or for congestion relief. This spice tastes like a delicious mixture of oregano, black pepper, and onions which gives it a highly pungent and bitter taste and aroma. Best known as the most expensive spice in the world, Saffron greatly stands out due to its highly distinctive taste and the incredible orange-maroonish color. Ground fennel is widely featured in dishes originating from Scandinavia, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean. However, it is native to the Molucca Islands which is now a part of Indonesia. As the name suggests, Allspice is a combination of all other spices and features an amazing combination of cinnamon, nutmeg, pepper, and cloves. Its flavor is also described by many people as peppery and fierce with hints of lemon. Related: Types of Spice Racks | Mega-List of Herbs | Mega list of condiments. The difference in color primarily results from the varying developmental stages. Some common medicinal uses of ajwain include relief from indigestion, nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting. Ajwain seeds are excellent mixed with lemon and garlic with fish dishes.Allspice - This individual spice is commonly confused as a spice mixture. 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