Originally built by Emperor Shah Jahan to house the tomb his wife, the Taj Mahal remains an architectural marvel of the modern world. During his 30 year reign, Shah Jahan transformedhis empire into a well-oiled military machine. Shah Jahan’s buildings are mostly built with white marble in place of red stone.. Taj Mahal (Agra): Chief features: Taj Mahal, mausoleum complex in Uttar Pradesh in northern India, built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the 17th century. The white marble monument of the Emperor’s love for his wife was recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. He was also responsible in manufacturing cannonsin huge numbers. Shah Jahan’s buildings display a synthesis of Indian and foreign architectural style. It is said that his army included more than 911,400 soldiers and 185,000 horsemen. India was rich at that time. 7. In 1612 he married Arjūmand Bānū Begum, niece of Jahāngīr’s wife Nūr Jahān, and became, as Prince Khurram, a member of the influential Nūr The famous building they built is the Taj Mahal. Shah Jahan was a Mughal emperor who ruled India in the 17th century. It was completed in 1643 AD. Shah Jahan’s buildings are located at different places like Agra, Ahmedabad, Ajmer, Delhi, Lahore, Kabul and Kashmir etc. The building complex is noted for its central features; the royal tomb that contains Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan’s cenotaphs. The Taj Mahal is known as the grandest architectural accomplishment of his reign. Ustad Ahmad Lahauri was the name of the architect that Jahan chose to design and build the Taj Mahal (Sardar). Today its stunning architecture has made it one of … Taj Mahal The Taj Mahal was commissioned by Shah Jahan, the emperor of Mughal. 2. Shah Jahān, Mughal emperor of India (1628–58) who built the Taj Mahal. It was built in the memory of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. 9. Therefore, it is a pertinent question whether Shah Jahan himself built the edifice, or he converted an existing building into a mausoleum. He was the third son of the Mughal emperor Jahāngīr and the Rajput princess Manmati. The Taj Mahal was commissioned by Shah Jahan in 1631, to be built in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, who died on 17 June that year, while giving birth to their 14th child, Gauhara Begum. The Mughals built many buildings during their era. Here the white marble mausoleum was placed on a terrace by the … Shah Jahan invested most of his time in building a massive army. The crown-jewel of Mughal architecture and one of the most famous buildings in the world was built by Shah Jahan between 1632 and 1653 as a mausoleum for his wife Mumtaz Mahal. He had it built to be the final resting place of Mumtaz Mahal, his wife. The complex houses the tombs of Shah Jahan and one of his wives, known as Mumtaz Mahal. • The most famous building of Shah Jahan is the Taj Mahal. 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