Reserve . North Korean insignia follow the Soviet pattern, while South Korean insignia f… NORTH KOREA COUNTRY HANDBOOK MARINE CORPS INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITY 3300 RUSSELL ROAD, SUITE 250 QUANTICO, VA 22134-5011 (703) 784-6126 DSN: 278-6126 MAY 1997 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY U N I T E D S TATE S O F A M E R I C A D E P A R T M E N T O F D E F E N S E MCIA-2630-NK-016-97. Neither the U.S. Marine Corps or ROK Marine Corps maintains a five star "General" rank. Starved of funds by Pyongyang’s nuclear and missile programs, the country’s conventional forces have taken a backseat to the dream of an nuclear-tipped ICBM that can reach all of the United States. In the event of conflict, the DPRK Navy would most likely cease to exist within the first week. Over the last two decades, the Republic of China Navy has made significant upgrades in naval equipment, mostly by purchasing ships from the US. craft based on a former Soviet P-6 torpedo boat hull. Finally, North Korea has constructed at least five different types of Very Slender Vessel (VSV), a knifelike watercraft designed to cut through the waves at high speed. In that case, they wear army-style uniform, since ranks from Vice-Marshal and above are not divided into army, navy and air force.[25]. A lack of funds for naval construction means many of those ships are probably still in operation today. The Navy has approximately one hundred Nampo-class landing craft, fast craft capable of forty knots that are based on Soviet P-6 torpedo boats. NORTH Korea has reduced the minimum height requirement for military conscripts because the current generation facing call-up was stunted by a deadly 1990s famine, a new report says. North Korea's People's Army does not maintain a separate marine corps or naval infantry branch as part of their armed forces, although it does maintain two "Amphibious Sniper Brigades" as part of the North Korean Special Operation Force(NKSOF). Promoting national interests through protection of maritime activities 4. Securing maritime superiority to win war 3. North Korea's fleet consist of approximately 630 combat vessels (Patrol craft, guided missile boats, torpedo boats, fire support craft, destroyers, frigates, corvettes, and three cruisers), 100 submarines, and 340 support craft (landing craft, hovercraft). Note: According to a report published by BBC in 2010, "The North Korean military is in … Amphibious operations are conducted by SOF units in addition to naval personnel.[7]. Naval Institute News reported that unnamed US officials believed a North Korean submarine had been lost at sea in the Sea of Japan. former Soviet Whiskey class submarine, 22 Chinese ROMEO Class submarines, and In its 2015 report on North Korean military capabilities, the Pentagon noted that North Korea has seventy submarines of unknown types on active duty. Land-based coastal defense missiles include the SSC-2B SAMLET, CSSC-2 SILKWORM, a… submarines are intended to clandestinely insert SOF units into the ROK. [11], For years, the Korean People's Army Naval Force stagnated with a number of ships becoming old and weapons turning obsolete, this peaked with an accident during drills, when the Chosun Ilbo reported that in mid-October 2013, one of the DPRK's Hainan Class submarine chasers and one of its smaller patrol boats sank during maneuvers in the Sea of Japan with an unknown loss of life.[12]. In summer jackets are white in the full dress uniform. There are some 708 vessels including 3 frigates and 70 submarines: approximately 20 Romeo class submarines(1,800 tons), 40 Sang-O class submarines (300 tons) and 10 midget submarines including the Yono class submarine (130 tons). After 2013 surfaced on western analysis, a number of upgrades and new classes in service with the Navy appeared: most of this modernization's program is left to speculation and analysis of satellite images, due to the absence of details released by North Korea. It also has a total Merchant Marine Strength of 160 ships and 8 ports. which can carry 3 to 4 light tanks, and approximately 125 KONG VSVs are considered one of the most threatening craft in the Korean People's Army Naval Force for their commando infiltration capabilities onto border islands. The WHISKEYs, acquired in Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily primary operator. The NAMPO has a Its main weapon is either a Mil Mi-4 or Mil Mi-14 helicopter. North Korea’s most important submarine, however, is the Gorae (“Whale”)-class ballistic-missile submarine. As with the ground forces, 60% of the vessels are stationed near the demarcation line. Junior ratings and seamen wear white shirts (in the summer) or navy blue shirts (in the winter) with black/white jackets and slacks (skirts for women) and wear sailor caps. 180 Radar: Slim Net air search Sonar: Tamir-11 Armament: 2 SS-N-2 Styx SSM, 2 100mm, 2 dual 57 mm AA, 6 dual 25 mm AA, 2 ASW mortars, 2 DC racks, 30 mines Small North Korean design frigates, very little combat value. In terms of personnel, the KPN is the smallest of the three services, approximately a twentieth the size of the Army and half the size of the Air Force. It also controls naval training centers, ports and logistics centers, and even controls shipbuilding for the fleets. The ROK Navy includes the Republic of Korea Marine Corps, which functions as a branch of the Navy. There are some 780 vessels including 70 midget submarines (including the Yono-class submarine and Sang-O-class submarine), 20 Romeo-class submarines, and about 140 air cushioned landing craft.[3]. ROMEO construction program. Pyongyang is clearly trying to upgrade its navy, likely turning it into a modest antiaccess force for the waters around North Korea. [7], The NKN's most capable weapons systems are their approximately 43 1 190 000 . While not up to par with many modern navies, the KPN still manages to stay afloat—literally—and even sports modern firepower in the form of the Kumsong-3 missile. Land-based coastal defense missiles include the SSC-2B SAMLET, but one that may someday soon control nuclear weapons. Amphibious assaults against CFC This will make close approach *Each nation is assessed on individual and collective values processed through an in-house formula to generate a 'PwrIndx' score. In 1993 the North Korean authorities changed it to June 5, as its "Maritime Security Corps" were organized on June 5, 1946. their small size limits operations to coastal waters and calm seas, they If allied forces are not careful, Pyongyang’s naval forces can still inflict damage. The North Korean Navy is the military branch with less priority in the DPRK. There are numerous for land forces. The KPN operates between 990 and 810 vessels of Soviet, Chinese and North Korean origin. (CFC) shipping approaching the coast. More specifically, the fleet consists of 4 destroyers, 20 fri… Not only would this represent a major range and firepower boost for coastal artillery units, it also indicates the North is capable of manufacturing the missile in large numbers, and that it purchase a handful of original Russian missiles from a third party. The vast majority of these are midget-class--or “littoral”--diesel-electric vessels, with roughly two dozen from Iran’s homemade Ghadir class and several more from the North Korean Yugo class. Return to the Modern Navy Craft Index. nautical miles (NM) from the coast but capable of policing the DPRK's Its entry into the war resulted in part of an attack of a German submersible: The torpedoing of … Although at the beginning North Korea joined the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, they withdrew from it on January 2003. Construction began in 2006-07 and launched in 2011–12, but it is unknown if they have been commissioned and are in service. Though 15 billion $ Percent of GDP . probably would be small, clandestine landings involving two to six Organizationally, the KPA consists of a naval headquarters, two fleet commands, sixteen squadrons, two naval sniper brigades and scattered coastal-defense units on both coastlines. Most are equipped with 25 mm to 37 mm guns. [15] In addition to the missiles, the SES vessels show a reversed-engined gun of 76 mm (3 in). the 1960s, can carry 12 torpedoes or 24 mines. North Korea maintains a small amphibious force for landing the two KPN sniper brigades, the Twenty-Ninth and 291st, behind South Korean lines. The DPRK also maintains coastal defense artillery and missile sites. are DPRK-built. Some boats are equipped with 122-millimeter multiple rocket launchers that are inaccurate against other ships and are likely meant to support amphibious landings. boats, patrol boats, patrol craft, fast attack craft, and small amphibious North Korea has constructed and is operating up to 130 hovercraft, each one capable of transporting a special forces platoon and operating freely in difficult terrain such as tidal flats, and able to be used for multiple landings by special forces troops at the onset of any war. These ships mostly mount heavy machine guns and light cannon, with the largest armament eighty-five-millimeter guns on turrets taken from obsolete T-34/85 tanks. [7], The latest bi-annual report of North Korea's military capabilities by the ROK's Ministry of National Defense, released in 2018, KPN inventory is estimated at 430 combat ships, 250 landing crafts, 20 mine layers, 40 support ships, 70 submarines. The Korean People's Army, the armed forces of North Korea, is made up of the Korean People's Army Ground Force, the Korean People's Air Force, and the Korean People's Navy. It is as of today certainly lore powerful and capable as it was in the cold war, with a major step taken by the deployment of its first (half-experimental) SSBN, the Yugoslav-Romeo derived model capable of firing the KN-11 missile. with their effectiveness, and, most importantly, the willingness to use Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). The navy's numerous amphibious craft and midget submarines are intended to clandestinely insert SOF units into the ROK. The objectives of the ROK Navy as maritime forces for the National Security are: 1. North Korea's People's Army does not maintain a separate marine corps or naval infantry branch as part of their armed forces, although it does maintain two "Amphibious Sniper Brigades" as part of the North Korean Special Operation Force (NKSOF). observation teams and radar, and they will be supported by well That the North Koreans no longer cause provocations at sea is almost certainly due to the fact that South Korean ships are now decisively superior. [16][17] [7], The DPRK's attack submarine inventory is estimated to include 4 Military service. According to reports, the U.S. military had been observing the submarine when it "stopped" before the North Korean navy was observed searching the area by American satellites, aircraft and ships. missile (or its Chinese version, the CSS-N-1 SCRUBBRUSH). You can follow him on Twitter: @KyleMizokami. View Notes. 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