Chinese ceramics range from construction materials such as bricks and tiles, to hand-built pottery vessels fired in bonfires or kilns, to the sophisticated Chinese porcelain wares made for the imperial court and for export. During the time of the Yongzheng Emperor (1723 – 1735), seal-form reigns mark became popular. Understand this is a difficult process and there are no shortcuts to becoming familiar with Chinese porcelain marks. characters. A Kangxi period (1662-1722) artemisia leaf mark on a blue and white dish. For example, a vast number of Kangxi period (1662-1722) pieces bear Chenghua (1465-1487) marks because he was revered in the 18th century for high quality of his imperial porcelain. easily recognizable as apocryphal marks. To those of you who headed directly here from an internet search - do yourself a favour and read these mark related pages first. These 20th century marks are Antique Chinese porcelain vase with red and white 4 claw dragon, there are kiln firing faults and maker fault as it seems like the neck got hit while it already dried which resulted in distorted shape in the shaft. You may have heard of the term ‘mark and period’. Antique porcelain marks or potter's marks containing the artisan's name were very rare on ceramics made by private kilns until the 19th century. and everything, including the decoration, was strictly regulated. Marks incorporating western characters do not occur before the 1890's and almost all we see are after the 1950's. See exceptional reign marks. Being able to recognise the style of these marks and combining it with an assessment of the rest of the decoration is a key tool in helping one to determine the date of a piece. Or the fact that marks which are stamped rather than hand-painted are more commonly found in later 19. century porcelain, so seeing a piece bearing a stamped Qianlong mark would point towards a later date.  You may have heard of the term ‘mark and period’. The manufacturer's name was virtually never mentioned before the late 19th century - there were almost no maker's marks in existence in ancient China. One of the finest collections of Chinese porcelain ever assembled is to be sold at auction with a combined estimate of more than £20m. will ever be able to lay hands on marked porcelain of the Song or even the Yuan dynasty. These marks are varied – they can be hand written, incised, or stamped (in the 19th century and later), and can be found in underglaze (for example on blue and white and copper-red porcelain), overglaze, or gilt enamels. This means that the piece was made during the reign of the emperor of whose mark it bears. stamped seal marks started to appear more frequently. 15¾ in (40 cm) diam. An apocryphal Chenghua six-character mark on a Kangxi-period (1662-1722) blue and white bowl. Four character marks with raised enamels signifies that the piece is made at the Imperial workshop in Beijing, which is more than rare and COULD be real, but just because of that, is also often used on modern souvenir porcelain vases. characters. palace - the abode of the emperor or empress. collector encounters on antique or ancient Chinese ceramics have their origin in The usage of marks on these was also restricted by the court, Being able to recognise the style of these marks and combining it with an assessment of the rest of the decoration is a key tool in helping one to determine the date of a piece. For example, knowing that it is rare to find a Kangxi mark in zhuanshu seal-script during the Kangxi period (1662-1722) will help you identify the piece as 19th century or later. Â. This ancient character type is called Zhuanti (or Zhuanshu) and was and A six-character kaishu mark in one line by the rim of a Xuande period (1425-1435) bowl. It lists around 1,800 marks, including all the major Ming (1368-1644) and There are two types of Chinese ceramics –, Don’t make the mistake of determining the age of a piece solely from its mark. Both types of porcelain can bear reign marks, however, as the imperial kilns employed calligraphers who specialised only in the writing of these marks, guanyao marks tend to be of a much higher and more consistent aesthetic quality, and nowadays seen as more valuable. Real marking of items did not take off until the Ming dynasty. Pair Chinese Blue & White Porcelain Chargers, Collecting Japanese Silver Yen: The Dragon Yen 1870-1914, Denise is an independent Chinese art consultant who gained her experience as a Specialist at Christie’s in London, UK after completing her studies in Chinese archaeology. A Rare Chinese Antique Northern Song Dynasty Celadon Porcelain Bowl with Mark 18 cm x 8 cm Chinese characters marked underneath Period: Northern Song (960-1127) An extreme example of this situation is: a blue and white, century with an apocryphal Qianlong seal mark was sold at Christie’s South Kensington, 29 February 2012, lot 804 for 4,750 GBP (including buyer’s premium). Marks on Chinese porcelain pieces are even and regular, while marks on Japanese porcelain will include an odd number and may be in different colors. Qing Dynasty Vase – A Genuine Estate Sale Find? depicting the square seal edge. An extreme example of this situation is: a blue and white hu-form vase dated to the 19th-20th century with an apocryphal Qianlong seal mark was sold at Christie’s South Kensington, 29 February 2012, lot 804 for 4,750 GBP (including buyer’s premium). An iron-red stamped Qianlong six-character seal mark on a 20th century famile rose vase. Antique Chinese Export Porcelain Famille Rose Soup Bowl 1830 Rare Old Chinese Estimate: $200,000-300,000. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Qianlong Marks V-Fine Chinese Oriental Antique Porcelain Blue White Snuff Bottle at the best online … This is exactly the same way seal characters are/were written before carving or engraving the characters in a seal today. For example, knowing that it is rare to find a Kangxi mark in, century or later. Don’t make the mistake of determining the age of a piece solely from its mark. The characters are positioned either in a straight line, a square, or in two lines either horizontal or vertical.  For example, a 6-character mark from the Chenghua reign (1465-1487) would read ‘Da Ming Chenghua nian zhi’ (大明成化年製) which would be translated as ‘made in the Qianlong period of the great Qing dynasty’. That does not necessarily mean that the particular piece is a modern fake, as it is not uncommon for a piece to bear the mark of an earlier emperor. of the Chinese language. In the current antique market, a piece of Chinese porcelain with the ‘mark and period’ designation, especially with regards to commercially ‘popular’ emperors such as Yongzheng or Qianlong, this could potentially add another (or a few other) digits to the value! and this in turn did not allow for the multitude of marks used by There are also some marks known to exist on ceramics of the Three Kingdoms period (3rd century).These are all relatively rare, however.  In its purest sense, the reign mark indicates that the particular piece was made during the time of and for the court of that particular emperor. majority of antique porcelain marks consisted of hand-written They are written in one of two scripts, kaishu, regular script (the font that we see in everyday use) and zhuanshu, seal script (a traditional script derived from ancient oracle bone characters). at the imperial kiln during his time. Check out our porcelain marks selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our fine art ceramics shops. The unique characteristics of the clay itself when fired results in an ideally suited environment for making tea. So we thought it would be fun to share a few of the rare Chinese Yixing pottery teapots, Vases and Scholar's Objects which have crossed our threshold in the past. In the world of Ming and Qing dynasty art, knowing how to look at a reign mark is a key asset for any collector, specialist, or enthusiast to correctly identify the date and the value of a piece of Chinese porcelain. ............................................................................................. Home › Porcelain Marks › A rare Ming Dynasty wine cup described as the 'holy grail' of Chinese art has sold for £20million - smashing the previous world record price for porcelain. Compare that result with a blue and white, http://www.christies.com/lotfinder/lot/a-chinese-blue-and-white-vase-hu-5535430-details.aspx?from=searchresults&intObjectID=5535430&sid=673b6c76-06a3-41ee-81c6-14ee0a6d1aaa, http://www.christies.com/lotfinder/lot/a-blue-and-white-hu-form-vase-qianlong-6043188-details.aspx?from=searchresults&intObjectID=6043188&sid=85ed0d00-0c75-4c3a-9727-a8eb42b683dc, Pottery Marks Identification Guide & Index, Antiques Roadshow: Antiques, Collectibles & Heirlooms, https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/a3d1ed8380342297055c15423066464c09c0f63fea2ea4c985ecdb7505bea214.jpg, Qianlong Porcelain Marks on Vases and other art from Qianlong Period, Kangxi Chinese Porcelain and its Reign Marks, Antique Chinese Vases – A Great Yard Sale Find. Wanyu. copies and imitations of earlier porcelain. https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/a3d1ed8380342297055c15423066464c09c0f63fea2ea4c985ecdb7505bea214.jpg still is mainly used with seals (even today) and is more difficult to Needless to say that the ancient characters used in such seal type during that reign. The imperial marks used during the Qianlong reign, for example, were In the past, the mark on the bottom of the porcelain was its Porcelain from the Kangxi period (1662-1722) is one of the most recognisable and ubiquitous areas of Chinese ceramics. porcelain marks more often than not show the emperor's reign title The size of the vase is 11 1/2 inches. That’s when reign marks come in handy. Antique Marks (an overview), The Beginnings of Chinese Porcelain Marks. already existed earlier, but only in a limited manner. These restrictions were eventually loosened, so Kangxi mark and period pieces can still be found today. written by hand with archaic characters (Zhuanti or Zhuanshu) in the Continuing the legacy of the Ming period, most Kangxi wares These marks would typically include small characters or symbols found on the base or side of a piece. The only exception of personal marks were perhaps the marks applied in This style of marking is known as zhuanshu script, whereas the more traditional character reign marks are called kaishu script. Identify marks on Chinese porcelain and learn how to distinguish recent reproductions from original antique imports from the Orient. One of the most common antique porcelain marks found on ceramics throughout the ages is the reign or period mark (Jinian Mark). Ceramics from this reign are found in collections and museums all over the world, so it is well worth familiarising oneself in the shapes, decoration, and marks on pieces of this prolific period of porcelain production. Marks on Chinese Porcelain - Porcelain Marks on Macau [Macau] Style decorated porcelain, all from c. 1950 and later jar View auction details, art exhibitions and online catalogues; bid, buy and collect contemporary, impressionist or modern art, old masters, jewellery, wine, watches, prints, rugs and books at sotheby's auction house And many 19. century pieces are adorned with Qianlong period (1736-1795) marks as a reference to the exquisite standard of the porcelain produced at that time. square shape of a seal, usually with or without a hand-painted frame These are ‘apocryphal’ marks, and they were used as reverence to an earlier emperor and admiration for the art that was created then. When presented with a piece of porcelain, a true connoisseusr will take into consideration not only the reign mark, but also the overall shape, design, and quality of the porcelain to determine its age. Reign marks can be found on Chinese ceramics mainly from the early-Ming dynasty (15th century) through to the Qing dynasty (1644-1911). The only exception of personal marks were perhaps the marks applied in the 18th century by Tang Ying at the imperial kiln at Jingdezhen. Except for the rare Huashi soft paste wares, traditionally Chinese porcelain was made using kaolin and petuntse. She is currently providing specialist services to various auction houses and enjoys sharing her knowledge through writing for Antique-Marks.com. Etsy uses cookies and similar technologies to give you a better experience, enabling things like: On imperial porcelain such marks were virtually non-existent. limited. A large and rare blue and white dish, Yongle period (1403-1425). are known. is credited with an excellent contribution to the ceramics manufactured Notable is that some imperial marks do not contain the reign name, but The workmanship is superb and fine details. Official (imperial) kiln: It takes some practice to recognize Some Chinese antiques' porcelain marks or pottery marks contain dates of the Chinese 60 year cyclic calendar, but these are actually quite rare. were very rare on ceramics made by private kilns until the 19th century. Dear Visitor, for this web site to function properly, we employ the use of cookies. (period name). private kilns (Minyao). It can be said that the majority of items on the market bearing reign marks are not of the period they are claiming to be. These marks are varied – they can be hand written, incised, or stamped (in the 19th century and later), and can be found in underglaze (for example on blue and white and copper-red porcelain), overglaze, or gilt enamels. [6] While rim chips and hairline cracks are common, pieces tend not to stain. rather the name of an inner palace within the area of the imperial porcelain marks are not the normal characters used in everyday writing using a slightly different writing style, however, and are generally Porcelain Marks (cont.) The most comprehensive reference book on Chinese reign marks is Gerald Davison’s The Handbook of Marks on Chinese Ceramics, first published in 1994. Antique porcelain marks or potter's marks containing the artisan's name These had Compare that result with a blue and white hu-form vase, with a very similar decoration however with a Qianlong seal mark and dated of the period (1736-1795) which was sold at Christie’s Hong Kong, 30 November 2016, lot 3329 for a whopping 1.5 million HKD!Â, There are no hard and fast rules when it comes to attributing a date to a piece of Chinese art –unlike contemporary art, individual artists didn’t sign their works, so in this field, knowledge is key. that only about 5% of all marks were written in Zhuanti characters century this mark came into use for apocryphal Qing dynasty marks on Chinese Porcelain Reign Marks. This means that the piece was made during the reign of the emperor of whose mark it bears. He sometimes applied a mark representing him. To continue please give your consent to the usage cookies on this web site. While European porcelain manufacturers usually applied a factory mark very early on, antique marks on ceramics from China rarely show which kiln actually made an item. Daoguang Seal Mark – Zhuanshu Script That does not necessarily mean that the particular piece is a modern fake, as it is not uncommon for a piece to bear the mark of an earlier emperor. This is a very fine chinese porcelain vase with 4 panels painted of birds. used Kaiti (Kaishu) marks. Marks on Chinese porcelain pieces are even and regular, while marks on Japanese porcelain will include an odd number and may be in different colours. the Ming and Qing dynasties, or are from the republic period. The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. ceramics manufactured in the official kilns during each reign period is For example, the earliest reign marked pieces are attributed to the Ming dynasty Yongle, Xuande, and Chenghua period, and those marks could found on the interior of vessels such as stem cups and bowls. Tang Ying was the official assigned by the palace as kiln overseer. Later, in the 20th Chinese Kangxi Porcelain Reign Marks Chinese Porcelain Authentication A Visual Guide "Foot rims are the window to the soul" (of porcelain anyway) Ming Dynasty And Transitional Period Chinese Porcelains With With the understanding of reign marks and their usage through the centuries a collector will truly develop the skills to determine whether a piece is indeed ‘mark and period’.Â, (http://www.christies.com/lotfinder/lot/a-chinese-blue-and-white-vase-hu-5535430-details.aspx?from=searchresults&intObjectID=5535430&sid=673b6c76-06a3-41ee-81c6-14ee0a6d1aaa), (http://www.christies.com/lotfinder/lot/a-blue-and-white-hu-form-vase-qianlong-6043188-details.aspx?from=searchresults&intObjectID=6043188&sid=85ed0d00-0c75-4c3a-9727-a8eb42b683dc). symbol marks and double circles were especially frequent. the 18th century by Tang Ying at the imperial kiln at Jingdezhen. In theory, knowing the reign period of the emperor to which the mark refers would be an indication of the period of the piece, but in practice, knowing the reign mark is just one of the many pieces of information needed to authenticate a piece. Antique Chinese Porcelain Antique Chinese porcelain from all periods includes famille rose, famille verte, blue and white, blanc de chine, monochrome and others from the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties to the early Republican period (before 1920). Otherwise, the Age is mostly likely 20th century. It must be said that some perfectly genuine pieces will not have reign marks, or perhaps will not have a mark altogether. The position of the mark would depend on the piece itself, but generally speaking, for vessels like vases, bowls, or plates, it can be found on the base, but there are instances where pieces bear a single-line mark to the rim, or even on the interior. There are two types of Chinese ceramics – guanyao (porcelain made in the Imperial kilns for the royal court) and minyao (porcelain made in commercial kilns for the people). Only in the later Qing dynasty (19th century) The majority of. Rare Kangxi Plate with Silver Handle Floral Bonboniere Chinese China Porcelain Located in Amsterdam, Noord Holland A very nicely made dish with a beautiful decoration 22-10-19-11-2 Condition: Overall condition: Rimfritting, chip and 1 hairline in base. The mark shows the characters for (top) plaything/to play and (bottom) jade. These can also be found on 19th and 20th Century Chinese porcelains. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this. On imperial porcelain such marks were virtually non-existent. read, even for a Chinese person. The meaning is rather abstract but can perhaps be translated as "jade trinket" or "antique porcelain as fine as jade". Over 6,000 works of art including Blanc-de-Chine, Blue and White, Famille Rose, Monochrome and more. During the Kangxi reign pictorial marks were popular, They are written in one of two scripts, In its purest sense, the reign mark indicates that the particular piece was made during the time of and for the court of that particular emperor. Compare the Chinese characters in your antique pottery and porcelain marks to the reign names of the Ming and Qing emperors in Chinese. So don't be surprised if not every Chinese person is able to read such These kilns operated under the supervision of court officials Mar 4, 2014 - Over 1000 antique ceramics and porcelain including Chinese, Japanese, Meissen, Dutch delft and Itallian maiolica Analysis of Chinese reign marks of the Ming and Qing and their characteristics Chinese wares were usually thinner than those of the Japanese and did not have stilt marks. At Jingdezhen directly here from an internet search - do yourself a and! And Qing emperors in Chinese early as the first century as a way to reference the of! Seal script ) mark the later Qing dynasty ( 19th century is exactly same! Practice to recognize this type of characters in a seal today rim of a piece solely from its.. Meaning is rather abstract but can perhaps be translated as `` jade trinket '' or `` porcelain... Written in Zhuanti characters during that reign famile Rose vase first published in 1994 reign title ( period name.... Emperor and admiration for the art that was created then mark and period can... As the first century as a way to reference the date of creation are generally recognizable! Whose mark it bears majority of antique porcelain marks consisted of hand-written.. And learn how to distinguish recent reproductions from original antique imports from the Kangxi reign pictorial marks otherwise!, symbol marks and double circles were especially frequent often than not the. A combined estimate of more than £20m that only about 5 % all... Are called kaishu script recognize this type of characters in porcelain marks ( overview! Function properly, we employ the use of cookies Chinese porcelains, handmade pieces from fine. The Orient the time of the term ‘mark and period’ an overview ), the Beginnings of Chinese porcelain assembled. At auction with a combined estimate of more than £20m first century as way! Presently runs through Jiangxi, it was also called Changnanzhen left to right ceramics shops more often than show. Writing for Antique-Marks.com for apocryphal Qing dynasty marks on copies and imitations of earlier porcelain to you. The later Qing dynasty marks on copies and imitations of earlier porcelain white bowl tend not to stain as script! A way to reference the date of creation – 1735 ), seal-form reigns mark popular. Century famile Rose vase to find a Kangxi period and onwards, however, and they were as... And ( bottom ) jade porcelain of the emperor 's reign title ( period name ) Chenghua... Ming dynasty later, in the later Qing dynasty marks on Chinese porcelain and learn to. And hairline cracks are common, pieces tend not to stain period and.. Mark on a Kangxi-period ( 1662-1722 ) artemisia leaf mark on a 20th famile. Song or even the Yuan dynasty Ming period, most Kangxi wares used Kaiti ( kaishu marks... 6,000 works of art including Blanc-de-Chine, blue and white bowl however, and they were used as to... Mark altogether non-existent on imperial porcelain or pottery as kiln overseer pages first reign title ( name... Script ) mark porcelain in the 18th century by Tang Ying was the official by! % of all marks were otherwise non-existent on imperial porcelain or pottery the later Qing dynasty –. These had already existed earlier, but rather part of the 19th century stamped... Mark became popular the majority of antique porcelain marks › porcelain marks seal today an iron-red stamped Qianlong seal! Will ever be able to read such characters itself when fired results in an ideally environment... To function properly, we employ the use of cookies marks more often than not show emperor! Cyclic calendar dates started to appear mainly on Qianjiang-style dated porcelain in the 18th century by Ying... Called Changnanzhen the time of the Song or even the Yuan dynasty ‘apocryphal’ marks, and are easily... In an ideally suited environment for making tea Chinese person is able to hands... Characters do not occur before the 1890 's and almost all we see are after 1950. Mark and period pieces can still be found today hairline cracks are common, pieces tend to! To `` allow cookies '' to give you the best browsing experience.. Still be found today: //uploads.disquscdn.com/images/a3d1ed8380342297055c15423066464c09c0f63fea2ea4c985ecdb7505bea214.jpg can anyone help identify this please Zhuanti during. 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Were usually thinner than those of the 19th century book on Chinese reign marks, they... Set to `` allow rare chinese porcelain marks '' to give you the best browsing experience.. Generally easily recognizable as apocryphal marks in your antique pottery and porcelain marks › porcelain marks ( overview... Century famile Rose vase marking of items did not have reign marks are read vertically from left to right characters... Piece was made during the time of the most common antique porcelain as fine as ''. Dynasty marks on Chinese ceramics –, don’t make the mistake of the... Very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our fine ceramics! The Yongzheng emperor ( 1723 – 1735 ), the Beginnings of Chinese porcelain marks porcelain. N'T be surprised if not every Chinese person is able to lay hands on porcelain., however, and they were used as reverence to an earlier emperor and admiration for the that. For apocryphal Qing dynasty ( 19th century generally said, individual potter marks. Due to its location south of the emperor of whose mark it bears the legacy of the Song even. Supervision of court officials and everything, including the decoration, was strictly.. Piece solely from its mark of cookies environment for making tea can perhaps be translated as `` jade ''! The ages is the reign of the emperor of whose mark it bears Yuan dynasty at auction with combined. Environment for making tea imperial kiln at Jingdezhen manufactured at the imperial at. Marks to the usage cookies on this web site a Kangxi mark and pieces... Play and ( bottom ) jade on Chinese porcelain ever assembled is to be sold at auction with combined... Qing emperors in Chinese imports from the Orient an internet search - do yourself a and... Site to function properly, we employ the use of cookies 19th century ) bowl sharing her knowledge writing. Is exactly the same way seal characters are/were written before carving or engraving the characters for ( top plaything/to. Imitations of earlier porcelain knowledge through writing for Antique-Marks.com and everything, including the decoration was. Is currently providing specialist services to various auction houses and enjoys sharing her knowledge through writing Antique-Marks.com. Most Kangxi wares used Kaiti ( kaishu ) marks is known as zhuanshu script, whereas more. To `` allow cookies '' to give you the best browsing experience possible dish... The Handbook of marks on Chinese porcelain marks to the usage cookies on this web site 10 this. Wares were usually thinner than those of you who headed directly here from an internet search - do yourself favour! Dynasty vase – a genuine Estate Sale find contribution to the reign of the 19th century ) stamped seal started! Copies and imitations of earlier porcelain, a Qianlong period ( 1425-1435 bowl. Side of a piece solely from its mark vase – a genuine Sale... A Kangxi-period ( 1662-1722 ) artemisia leaf mark on a blue and white bowl genuine Sale. And hairline cracks are common, pieces tend not to stain ) blue and white bowl › marks! Related pages first 19th and 20th century this mark came into use for Qing! Left to right here from an internet search - do yourself a favour and read these mark related first. To read such characters different writing style, however, and are generally easily as. Used as reverence to an earlier emperor and admiration for the art that created. Chips and hairline cracks are common, pieces tend not to stain seal! Ceramics manufactured at the imperial kiln at Jingdezhen are using a slightly different writing style,,... Recognize this type of characters in a limited manner do n't be surprised if not Chinese... To function properly, we employ the use of cookies limited manner even the Yuan dynasty are a! Handmade pieces from our fine art ceramics shops during his time take off until the Ming Qing! For apocryphal Qing dynasty vase – a genuine Estate Sale find into use for apocryphal dynasty! Century by Tang Ying at the imperial kiln during his time please give your consent to the cookies. Sharing her knowledge through writing for Antique-Marks.com the palace rare chinese porcelain marks kiln overseer characters. By Tang Ying at the imperial kiln at Jingdezhen take off until the period., but rather part of the term ‘mark and period’ rather part of the of... This please type of characters in porcelain marks pages first as with traditional Chinese text marks. And period pieces can still be found today employ the use of cookies period onwards! In, century or later reigns mark became popular court officials and,.
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